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Geography ch 1

TermDefinition
Geography The study of the physical features of the earth and it's atmosphere, and of human activity as it affects and is affected by these, including the distribution of populations and resources, land use, and industries
Hemisphere A half of a sphere. a half of the earth, usually as divided into northern and southern halves by the equator, or into western and eastern halves by an imaginary line passing through the poles.
Formal Region Government or other structures, such as cities, states, and mountain ranges
Weathering wear away or change the appearance or texture of (something) by long exposure to air
Climates The weather conditions prevailing in an area in general or over a long period a region with particular prevailing weather conditions
Ecosystem A biological community of interacting organisms and their physical environment
Biosphere The regions of the surface, atmosphere, and hydrosphere of the earth ( or analogous parts of other planets) occupied by living organisms
Plate Tectonics A theory explaining the structure of the earth's crust and many associated phenomena as resulting from the interaction of rigid lithospheric plates that move slowly over the underlying mantle
Character of a place Moral or ethical quantity: a man of fine, honorable character
Relative Location
Functional Region Consists of a central pace and the surroundings areas that are dependent upon that place, such as a metropolitan
Mechanical Weathering Any of the various weathering processes that cause physical disintegration of exposed rock without any change in the chemical composition of the rock
Chemical Weathering Any of the various weathering processes that cause exposed rock to undergo chemical decomposition, changing and mineralogical composition of the rock
Atmosphere The gaseous envelope surrounding the earth; the air
Continent One of the main landmasses of the globe, usually reckoned as seven in number ( Europe, Asia, Africa, North America, South America, Australia, and Antarctica)
Continental Drift Geology, the lateral movements of continents resulting from motion of crustal plates
Absolute Location
Perception The act or faculty of perceiving, or apprehending by means of the senses or of the mind; cognition; understanding
Perceptual Region These regions reflect human feelings and attitudes about the area
Acid Rain Precipitation, as rain, snow, or sleet, containing relatively high concentrations of acid-forming chemicals, as pollution from coal smoke, chemical manufacturing, and smelting, that have been released into the atmosphere and combined with water vapor
Lithosphere The solid portion of the earth ( distinguished from atmosphere, hydrosphere) The crust and upper mantle of the earth
Hydrosphere The water on or surrounding the surface of the globe, including the water of the oceans and the water in the atmosphere
Glacier An extended mass of ice formed from snow falling and accumulating over the years and moving very slowly, either descending from high mountains, as in the valley glaciers, or moving outward from centers of accumulation, as in continental glaciers
Theory Ring of Fire Major area in the basin of the Pacific Ocean where a large number of earthquakes and volcanic eruptions occur. it is associated with nearly continuous series of oceanic trenches, volcanic arcs, and volcanic belts and/or plate movement
GIS Geographic Information System is designed to capture, store, manipulate, analyze, manage, and present all types of spatial or geographical data
Relief Alleviation, ease, or deliverance through the removal of pain, distress, oppression, ect
Mantle Geology. the portion of the earth, about 1800 miles thick, between the crust and the core
Core The central, innermost, or most essential part of anything
Erosion The process by which the surface of the earth is worn away by the action of water, glaciers, wind, waves, ect
Sediment Mineral or organic matter deposited by water, air, or ice
Loess A loamy deposit formed by wind, usually yellowish and calcareous, common in Mississippi valley and in Europe and Asia
Moraine A ridge, mound, or irregular mass of unstratified glacier drift, chiefly boulders, gravel, sand, and clay a deposit of such materiel left on the ground by a glacier
Created by: smlouis