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Word List yellow mod

ABG Arterial blood gases; blood test that assesses the oxygen and carbon dioxide levels
Adenoids Collection of lymphatic tissue within the nasopharynx (pharyngeal tonsils)
Alveoli Tiny air sacs within the lungs; resembling small balloons. (alveolus - singular form) the smallest unit in the lungs gas exchange occurs
Anosmia Absence of the sense of smell
Anoxia Absence or deficiency of oxygen in the tissues
Antitussive Medication which prevents or relieves coughing
Apnea Without breathing
Asphyxia A condition in which there is insufficient oxygen; literally means "without pulse"
Atelectasis Inability of the lung to expand properly
Auscultation The process of listening to body sounds, especially in the chest, with the use of a stethoscope
Bronchi The 2 branches off the trachea which lead to the right left lungs (bronchus - singular form)
Bronchiectasis Chronic dilation of a bronchus or bronchi
Bronchioles Smaller branches of the bronchi. Secondary branches terminate
Bronchodilator Medication which relaxes the muscles of the bronchial passage providing relief of bronchospasms. Drug used to expand bronchi and open breathing passages
Cheyne-Stokes Respirations Breathing characterized by fluctuations in the depth of the respirations
C & S Culture and sensitivity. A lab test that isolates the organisms for identification and then determines which antibiotics will be effective against it
CPR Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation
Compliance The ease with which lung tissue can be stretched the ability of our lungs to expand and contract
COPD Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease; includes certain lung disorders characterized by decreased ability of the lungs to exchange gases adequately (also known as COLD)
Cystic Fibrosis A hereditary disease of the exocrine glands affecting the respiratory system, pancreas, and sweat glands and gastrointestinal system
Diaphragm A large muscle located between the chest and the abdominal wall
Dysphonia Difficult in speaking; hoarseness
Dyspnea difficult breathing
Epistaxis Nosebleed
Eupnea Good (normal) breathing
Expectorant Agent which facilitates the removal of sputum
Hemoptysis Condition of spitting up blood
Hemothorax Blood in the chest cavity
Histamines Body substances that dilate blood vessels, causing swelling and inflammation in nasal passages
Hypercapnia Condition of an increased amount of carbon dioxide in the blood
Hyperpnea Increased breathing, deeper than normal
Hypoxemia Deficient amount of oxygen in the blood
Laryngoscopy Visual examination of the larynx
Larynx Voice box. Responsible for sound production
Lobular pertaining to a lobe
Mediastinum The space between the right and left lung, which contains the heart, aorta, esophagus and the bronchi
Nares Nostrils (naris - singular form)
Nasopharynx The portion of the pharynx above the soft palate and behind the nose
Orthopnea Respiratory condition of discomfort breathing in any but an erect or standing position
PA (&L) Posteroanterior refers to the direction of x-ray beams that travel through the body from back to front (L refers to the lateral direction)
Palatine tonsils Collection of lymphatic tissue within the oropharynx
Parietal pleura The outermost layer, lining the thoracic cavity
Percussion The process of gently tapping with the fingers to determine position, size, or consistency of an underlying structure
Pharyngoscope Instrument used to view the throat
Pleura Serous membrane which envelops the lungs and folds over to line the walls of the thoracic cavity
Pleural effusion Excess of fluid in the pleural cavity
Pleurisy / Pleuritis Inflammation of the pleural membrane characterized by a stabbing pain which is intensified by coughing or deep breathing
Pneumothorax Collection of air in the pleural cavity
Postural drainage Positioning a patient so that gravity aids in the draingae of secretions from the bronchi and lobes of the lung
Pulmonary Pertaining to the lungs
Pulmonary edema Excessive fluid in the lungs which induces cough and dyspnea
Pulmonary function A series of tests designed to evaluate the volume and air flow rate of the lungs
Rale Crackle. An abnormal respiratory sound heard on auscultation
Repiratory Distress Syndrome Condition frequently seen in premature infants caused by a lack of a lung substance, called surfactant
Respiratory System Consists of organs that are responsible for the breathing process. It exchanges oxygen and carbon dioxide at a cellular level
Rhinoplasty Surgical repair of the nose
Sinusitis Inflammation of a sinus
SOB Shortness of breath
Sputum An abnormal viscous fluid formed in the lower respiratory tract that often contains blood, pus, and bacteria
Stenosis Narrowing or constriction
Stethoscope An instrument used in auscultation
T & A Tonsillectomy and adenoidectomy
Tachypnea Rapid breathing
Thoracic Pertaining to the chest area
Tonsillotome An instrument used to cut the tonsils
TPR Temperature, pulse, respiration
Trachea Windpipe. Cartilaginous tube which extends from the larynx to the bronchial tubes
Tracheostomy Creation of an opening in the trachea to relieve a breathing obstruction
Tuberculosis An infectious desease caused byinhaling viaable tubercle bacilli
Visceral pleura The innermost layer lying next to the lung
Croup Acondition resulting from an acute obstruction of the larynx caused by allergen of infection and resulting in a barding cough
Phrenic Nerve The nerve by way messages from the brain are carried to the diaphragm
Sweat Test The test primarily used to confirm a diagnosis of Cystic Fibrosis
Decompression Sickness The diver's disease, "the bends", or caisson disease is the name given to a variety of symptons suffered by a person exposed to a decrease (nearly always after a big increase) in the pressure around the body. The body must adapt to the pressure following
Pertusssis Severe coughing spells that end in a whooping sound when the person breathes in. Also called Whooping Cough
Epiglottis Covers the trachea when swallowing preventing food and liquids from entering the lungs
Medulla Medulla oblongata is the lower protion of the brain stem controlling autonomic functions such as breathing (respiratory) and blood pressure
Pyothorax Pus in the pleural cavity
Hyperventilation Increase in rate and depth of breathing
Tachypnea Increase in the rate of breathing
Pharyngeal tonsils Collection of lymphatic tissue within the nasopharynx
Hemoglobin Molecule that transports oxygen
Cilia Little hairs that act like tiny brooms to push foreign material (dirty mucus) out the lungs and into the throat (larynx)
Hyaline Membrane Disease Acute respiratory disease syndrome found in newborns caused by surfactant deficiency or missing surfactant
Nasal Septum Bone and cartilage that divides the nose into right and left halves
Surfactant Wetting agents/lubricating fluid that reduce surface tenson in pulmonary alveoli by increasing pulmonary compliance and preventing lungs from collapsing on exhalation
Tidal Volume The amount of air that is moved in and out during normal quiet breathing
Carboaminohemoglobin Molecule of hemoglobin that has carbon dioxide attached to it. When HB is not transporting oxygen it is transporting carbon dioxide and therefore is referred to as a carboaminohemoglobin
Ferritin Iron Storage Protein
Antihistamine Medication which opposes the effects of histamine
Pneumoconiosis Abnormal condition of dust in the lungs
Created by: vallan