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Genitourinary System Review

Describe clean midstream urine Aka clean catch urine, in sterile container, used for C & S, special instructions necessary, refrigerate within 20 minutes of collection time.
Describe early morning specimen More uniform volume and concentration, lower pH preserves formed elements, diagnose and monitor pregnancies
Describe the ureters Merge from the renal pelvis, slender, long tubes' 10"-12", carry urine from the kidneys to bladder
Describe timed urine collection 24-hour urine collections, quantitative test, provides info about cumulative elements
What are the functions of the nephron filtration, reabsorption, secretion
What are the macroscopic structures of the urinary system Kidneys, ureters, bladder, urethra
What are the two types of ATN Ischemic, Nephrotoxic
What carries blood to the glomerulus? What carries blood from the glomerulus? Afferent arteriole and Efferent arteriole
What does the renal tubule consist of? Proximal convoluted tubule, loop of Henie (descending/ascending), distal tubule and collecting tubule
What forms the ejaculatory duct? Seminal vesicle and vas deferens
What is BPH? Enlargement of the prostate gland
What is ESWL? Calculi are pulverized using shock waves at the stones from a machine outside the body.
What is the function of the prostate gland? Secrete and alkaline substance that protects of the acidity of the urethra and vagina
Where are the kidneys located? Abdominopelvic cavity, Retroperitoneal
Where is sperm produced? Seminiferous tubules
A single, tightly coiled tube above each testis that stores sperm Epididymis
A study in which several planes of the kidney are visualized Nephrotomography
An expandable hollow organ; temporary reservoir for urine Bladder
Blood in the urine Hematuria
Blood test used to detect prostatic disorders PSA (prostate specific antigen)
Carries waste laden blood to the tubules Renal artery
Commonly called stones; composed of mineral salts Calculi
Determines the amount of nitrogen in blood that comes from urea BUN (Blood urea nitrogen)
Determines the causative organism of an infection and identifies how the organism responds to various antibiotics C & S (culture & sensitivity)
Eliminates harmful products in the blood and filters them through urination Urinary System
Enlargement of breast tissue in the male Gynecomastia
Failure of the testes to descend into the scrotal sac prior to birth Cryptorchidism
Filtering units located in the kidney tissue Nephrons
Fist-sized organs in the abdominal cavity Kidneys
Fixation of a floating or mobile kidney Nephropexy
Inability of a male to obtain or maintain an erection Impotence
Inability to control urine elimination or bowel function Incontinence
Inflammation of the skin covering the glans penis Balanitis
Inherited disease in which sacs of fluid called cysts develop in the kidneys PKD (polycystic kidney disease)
Loose skin covering the end of the penis Foreskin
Mechanical removal of waste substances from the blood Hemodialysis
Mineral salt (sodium, potassium, or calcium) that carries an electrical charge Electrolytes
Pain in the prostate and bladder Prostatocystalgia
Painful urination Dysuria
Pertaining to that which is left as a residue Residual
Pertaining to the kidney Renal
Presence of a kidney stone Nephrolithiasis
Product of protein metabolism Nitrogenous waste
Promote and increase the excretion of urine Diuretics
Pus in urine Pyuria
Removal of a stone from the renal pelvis by an incision Pyelolithotomy
Removal of the foreskin Circumcision
Removal/excision of the vas deferens Vasectomy
Replacement of a diseased kidney Kidney transplant
Sensation of the need to void immediately Urgency
Serous membrane that lines the abdominopelvic cavity Peritoneum
Stenosis of the foreskin so that it cannot be retracted over the glans penis Phimosis
Structure which carries blood away from the kidney Renal vein
Swelling and distention of veins of the spermatic cord Varicocele
Swelling of the sac surround the testes Hydrocele
The expulsion of seminal fluid Ejaculation
The male gamete Sperm
The opening of the urethra is on the undersurface of the penis Hypospadias
The cuplike division of the kidney pelvis Calyx
The process of expelling material from the body Excretion
To insert a catheter into a cavity to remove body fluid Catheterization
Toxic condition of nitrogenous wastes in the blood Uremia
Urine colour Urochrome
Urine screening test that includes physical observation, chemical tests and microscopic evaluation UA (urinalysis)
Voiding Micturition
AGN acute glomerulonephritis
AI artificial insemination
ARF acute renal failure
ATN acute tubular necrosis
BNO bladder neck obstruction
BUN blood urea nitrogen
C & S culture and sensitivity
Cath catheterization; catheter
DRE digital rectal exam
ED erectile dysfunction
ESRD end-stage renal disease
HD hemodialysis
IC interstitial cystitis
IVP intravenous pyelogram
PKD polycystic kidney disease
PSA prostate specific antigen
SP. gr. specific gravity
TURP transurethral resection of the prostate
UA urinalysis
UTI urinary tract infection
Created by: brigitte1112