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Medical Terminology

Chapter 18 - Endocrine System - Pathology

hyperthyroidism over activity of the thyroid gland
hypothyroidism underactivity of the thyroid gland
addison disease hypofunctioning of the adrenal cortex - bronze pigmentation of skin, hypoglycemia, height loss, weakness
hyperinsulinism excess secretion of insulin causing hypoglycemia
diabetes mellitus lack of insulin or resistance of insulin in promoting sugar, starch, and fat metabolism
acromegaly hypersecretion of growth hormone after puberty
gigantism hypersecretion of growth hormone before puberty
achondroplastic dwarfism genetic defect in cartilage
dwarfism congenital hyposecretion of growth hormone
diabetes isipidus insufficient secretion of antidiuretic hormone (ADH)
goiter enlargement of the thyroid
neoplasms thyroid carcinoma
pheochromocytoma benign tumor of adrenal medulla
Created by: KariTansowny