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Map Skills-Unit 1

map skills vocabulary

TermDefinition
globe a 3-D model of the earth
sphere a ball-shaped object; a round, solid figure
continent large, continuous land masses that are surrounded by oceans
ocean very large bodies of salt water that separate continents
North Pole the place farthest north on Earth with a latitude of 90 degrees N, where all lines of longitude converge
South Pole the place farthest south on Earth with a latitude of 90 degrees S, where all lines of longitude converge; exactly opposite of the North Pole
hemi- half
hemisphere half of a sphere
Arctic Circle a line of latitude that lies at 66 degrees north of the Equator, 1 of the 5 major lines of latitude that mark the globe
Antarctic Circle a line of latitude that lies at 66 degrees south of the Equator, 1 of the 5 major lines of latitude that mark the globe
Equator an imaginary line on a map or globe halfway between the North & South Poles, splitting the earth into the northern & southern hemispheres; the Equator is almost 25,000 miles around and is the latitude line 0 degrees.
Prime Meridian the line of longitude drawn from the North Pole to the South Pole at zero degrees
International Date Line a line of longitude on a map/globe drawn from the North Pole to the South Pole, following 180 degrees, but turning and twisting to miss bodies or land; it is where the days of the week change.
Tropic of Cancer line of latitude located at 23.5 degrees north of the Equator; 1 of the 5 major lines of latitude that mark the globe
Tropic of Capricorn line of latitude located at 23.5 degrees south of the Equator; 1 of the 5 major lines of latitude that mark the globe
latitude also known as "parallels", these imaginary lines run east to west, but measure distance north or south of the Equator
longitude also know as "meridians", these imaginary lines run north to south, but measure distance east to west of the Prime Meridian
Created by: aliciacook