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Female Reproductive System Review

Describe ovulation Ovum ripens  Mature follicle ruptures  Releases ovum  Hormone levels are high
Describe the ovulatory phase. Days 6-14  Endometrium thickens  Estrogen levels rises  Ova mature  Ovulation occurs
Name and describe the three parts of the uterus? Fundus o Upper rounded part  Body o The central portion  Cervix o Opens into the vagina
Name and describe the three stages of labour and childbirth. Dilation o Begins with uterine contractions  Expulsion o Complete cervical dilation to birth of baby  Placental stage o Placenta is discharged from the uterus
What are the external genitalia of the female reproductive system? Labia  Clitoris  Bartholin glands  Mons pubis
What are the functions of estrogen and progesterone? Influence menstrual cycle and menopause  Prepare uterus for implantation  Help maintain pregnancy  Promote growth of placenta  Develop secondary sex characteristic
What are the internal organs of the female reproductive system? Ovaries  Fallopian tubes  Uterus  Vagina
What is an embryo? What is a fetus? Up to the third month of pregnancy  Third month to time of birth
What is dysmenorrhea? Menstrual pain and tension
What is endometriosis? The presence of functional endometrial tissue in areas outside the uterus
What is menarche? Beginning of menstruation
What is menorrhagia? Profuse or prolonged bleeding during regular menstruation
What is metrorrhagia? Irregular bleeding between menstrual periods or after menopause
What is PID? Inflammation of pelvic structures
What is vaginitis? Inflammation of the vagina
What type of infection is candidiasis? Yeast infection
When is menopause diagnosed? Amenorrhea has persisted for one year
Where are Bartholin glands located? Outside the vagina
Where does fertilization take place? Fallopian tubes
What are the three phases of the menstrual cycle? Menstrual  Ovulatory  Post ovulatory
Almond-shaped glands ovaries
Benign uterine tumours uterine fibroids
condition in which a fertilized ovum develops in the uterus pregnancy
detects abnormal cells in the cervix and vagina pap test (smear)
excision of a cone-shaped piece of tissue conization
excision of a small primary breast tumour lumpectomy
excision of the entire breast mastectomy
false pregnancy pseudocyesis
flow of milk galactorrhea
freezing tissue to destroy cells cryosurgery
inability to become pregnant sterility
increases strength and frequency of contractions oxytocics
inflammation of the cervix cervicitis
inflammation of the vagina vaginitis
length of time from conception to birth gestation
malignant neoplasm of the uterus choriocarcinoma
measurement of the pelvis pelvimetry
most serious form of toxemia eclampsia
mouth or opening Os
muscular tube from the cervix to the outside of the body vagina
one who specialized in the study of the female gynecologist
organ that contains and nourishes the embryo from the time of fertilization until birth uterus
pain during sexual intercourse dyspareunia
placenta is attached near the cervix placenta previa
premature separation of the placenta abruptio placentae
procedure that ties the fallopian tubes tubal ligation
production of milk lactation
radiography exam of the breasts mammography
radiography of the uterus and uterine tubes HSG (hysterosalpingography)
serious condition involving mental retardation, jaundice and brain damage kernicterus
severe itching of the female genitalia pruritus vulvae
surgical closure of the vagina colpocleisis
surgical reconstruction of the breasts mammoplasty
suture of the vagina colporrhaphy
suturing of the cervix cerclage
terminate pregnancy prostaglandins
termination of pregnancy abortion
the end of menstruation for the remainder of a woman's life menopause
treat symptoms of menopause through HRT (Hormone replacement therapy) estrogens
treat vaginal yeast infections antifungals
visual exam of the abdominal cavity laparoscopy
visual exam of the vagina and cervix colposcopy
white vaginal discharge leukorrhea
widening the cervix and scraping the uterus D & C
woman who has never produced a viable offspring nullipara
AB abortion
BSE breast self-exam
CA cancer
CS, C-Section cesarean section
CVS chorionic villus sampling
CWP childbirth without pain
D & C dilatation (dilation) and curettage
DUB dysfunctional uterine bleeding
FECG, FEKG fetal electrocardiogram
FHR fetal heart rate
FHT fetal heart tone
FTND full-term normal delivery
G gravida
GYN gynecology
HCG human chorionic gonadotropin
HRT hormone replacement therapy
HSG hysterosalpingography
IUD intrauterine device
IUGR intrauterine growth rate/retardation
IVF in vitro fertilization
IVF-ET in vitro fertilization and embryo transfer
LBR low birth rate
LBW low birth weight
LH luteinizing hormone
LMP last menstrual period
LSO left salpingo-oophorectomy
OB obstetrics
OCPs oral contraceptive pills
Pap Papanicolaou test/smear
Para 1, 2, 3... unipara, bipara, tripara
PID pelvic inflammatory disease
PIH pregnancy induced hypertension
PMS premenstrual syndrome
sono sonogram
STD sexually transmitted disease
TAH total abdominal hysterectomy
TRAM transverse (crosswise) rectus abdominis muscle
TVH total vaginal hysterectomy
UC uterine contractions
US ultrasound
FSH follicle-stimulating hormone
Created by: brigitte1112