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Medical Orders

Module 8

Diagnostic Imaging - Plain or Conventional (1) chest (2) mammogram (3) orthopedic (4) abdominal (5) dental
Diagnostic Imaging - Contrast x-rays / Radiography (1) requires use of contrast medium (2) used to increase visibility of the internal structure of the organ (3) compound may be given orally, rectally or injected (4) specific arrangements may need to be made for procedures that require sedation or sterile technique (5) there is a specific order to tests so that little time is wasted between each
Diagnostic Imaging - Cat or CT scan (computed axial tomography) (1) record and display cross-section images of any body part (2) can isolate an abdominal organ for exam (3) contrast medium not needed unless ordered
Diagnostic Imaging - Ultrasound (Sonogram / Echogram) (1) non-evasive (2) echo is produced when in contact with specific organ (3) echos form image on screen (4) no contrast medium needed (5) tests include: pre-natal, pelvic, heart, kidney
Diagnostic Imaging - MRI (magnetic resonating imaging) (1) best imaging possible (2) used for viewing the interior of body using magnetic field (no metal or pacemakers allowed) (3) non evasive (4) sometimes sedation is needed
Diagnostic Imaging - Nuclear Medicine (1) uses radioactive materials (2) used to detect abnormalities such as: tumors, growths, blockages
Diagnostic Imaging - Cardiovascular (1) related to the performance of the heart and vascular system (2) HUC may be required to indicate specific cardiac medications the client is receiving: digoxin, nitroglycerine, beta-blockers
what types of tests are done in the Cardiovascular Diagnostic Imaging department? (1) EKG / ECG (2) Echocardiogram (3) stress test (4) Holter Monitor (5) carotid doppler flow (6) cardiac catheterization
Diagnostic Imaging - Brain and Nervous System (1) relates to the function of the nervous system (2) most common test is the EEG
Diagnostic Imaging - Pulmonary Function & Blood Gas Studies (1) determine lung function and extent of pulmonary dysfunction (2) done in the pulmonary department
examples of pulmonary function tests (1) arterial blood gases (ABG) (2) spirometer (3) peak flow rates (4) residual, vital and total lung capacity (5) pulse oximetry
Role of the HUC in Diagnostic Imaging (1) must communicate to staff about tests, start/stop of medication and therapy for ordered test (2) make note of medications on requisition (3) arrange for transportation (4) communicate to testing department of any specific care needs of client: language, sight or hearing impairment, diabetic, epileptic seizures, on oxygen or IV therapy
Created by: KariTansowny