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GEOGRAPHY EXAM

QuestionAnswer
RIVER SOURCE THE PLACE WHERE A RIVER BEGINS
TRIBUTARY A STREAM OR RIVER THAT JOINS A LARGER RIVER
MOUTH THE PLACE WHERE RIVER ENTERS THE SEA, LAKE OR RIVER
ESTUARY THE PART OF A RIVER MOUTH WHICH IS TIDAL
RIVER BASIN THE TOTAL AREA DRAINED BY A RIVER AND ITS TRIBUTARIES
WATER SHED THE HIGH GROUND THAT SEPARATES ONE RIVER BASIN FROM ANOTHER
CONFLUENCE THE PLACE WHERE 2 OR MORE RIVERS MEET
RIVER COURSE THE ROUTE TAKEN BY A RIVER BETWEEN ITS SOURCE AND ITS MOUTH
DISTRIBUTARY A SMALL STREAM WHERE THE MAIN RIVER MEETS THE SEA
YOUTHFUL STAGE(UPPER COURSE) V-SHAPED VALLEY STEEP HILL ERODES VERTICALLY FAST WATER FLOW
MATURE STAGE(MIDDLE COURSE) VALLEY THROUGH LESS STEEP HILL LATERAL EROSION RAPID WATER FLOW
OLD AGESTAGE(LOWER COURSE) FLAT, LOW LAND DEPOSITS
PUSH FACTORS (REASONS FOR LEAVING A PLACE) -WAR -UNEMPLOYMENT -LACK OF RESOURCES
PULL FACTORS (REASONS FOR MOVING TO A PLACE) -BETTER OPPORTUNITIES IN THE NEW PLACE -JOBS -WEATHER -PEACE
BARRIERS -FRIENDS&FAMILY LEFT BEHIND -FEAR OF THE UNKNOWN -GOVERNMENT IMMIGRATION LAWS
POLDERS (LAND TAKEN BACK/RECLAIMED FROM THE SEA) NETHERLANDS -Europe's most ensely populated country -379 ppl per km² -70% live on polders -Dykes, canals and drainage ditches were built for drainage and protection
URBAN SETTLEMENT (CARTWHEEL PATTERN) -EMMELOORD -VILLAGES ARE BUILT IN A CIRCULAR PATTERN AROUND THE MAIN TOWN -CIRCULAR ROADS CONNECT THEM TO EACH OTHER -RADIAL ROADS LINK THE BIGGER TOWN TO THE SMALLER VILLAGES
RANDSTAD HORSESHOE-SHAPED URBAN REGION INCLUDING CITIES E.G. THE HAGUE AMSTERDAM
OVERSPILL TOWN ALMERE-BUILT TO ACCOMMODATE OVERSPILL FROM AMSTERDAM
PLANNED RURAL SETTLEMENTS IN THE POLDERS -FARMS IN LINEAR PATTERN ALONG ROADS (IRELAND-DISPERSED RURAL SETTLEMENTS) -VILLAGES CIRCLE THE MAIN TOWN -RADIAL ROADS CONNECT TOWNS AND VILLAGES
SETTLEMENT PATTERNS DISPERSED- SPREAD OUT (FARM) LINEAR-LINED UP (HOUSES) NUCLEATED-CLUSTERED (HOUSING ESTATE)
PHYSICAL FACTORS ALTITUDE DRAINAGE NETWORKS RIVERS LAND COASTAL LOCATIONS
KINDS OF HOUSES Detached: FREE FROM OTHER HOUSES Semi-detached: PAIR OF HOUSES Terrace: LINKED HOUSES Flats (Apartments)
HONG KONG Hong Kong is located on the coast of China. It's on the north side of the island. Hong Kong is a wealthy city & is not as densely populated as Kolkata, with 7.2million ppl. They have a high life expectancy of 83yrs and an average of only 1child per family
PROBLEMS IN HONG KONG -WATER POLLUTION -LACK OF SPACE -OVERCROWDING
KOLKATA -BIGGEST CITY IN INDIA -15.7M PPL -POOR PPL ARRIVE IN SEARCH OF JOBS -SHANTY TOWNS/BUSTEES ON THE OUTSKIRTS
POPULATION DENSITY THE AMOUNT OF PEOPLE PER KM²
POPULATION DISTRIBUTION THE AMOUNT OF PEOPLE IN AN AREA
HOW TO CALCULATE POPULATION DENSITY TOTAL POPULATION ÷TOTAL AREA
NON-GOVERNMENTAL AID A non-governmental organization (NGO) is any non-profit, voluntary citizens' group which is organized on a local, national or international level. (E.G TROCAIRE, CONCERN, GOAL)
BILATERAL AID AID GIVEN BY ONE GOVERNMENT TO ANOTHER. (E.G. IRISH GOVERNMENT GIVE AID TO THE GOVERNMENT OF ZAMBIA IN AFRICA)
MULTILATERAL AID GOVERNMENTS CONTRIBUTE MONEY TO INTERNATIONAL BODIES SUCH AS THE UNITED NATIONS. THESE BODIES THEN DISTRIBUTE THE AID TO THIRD WORLD COUNTRIES
EMERGENCY AID THIS IS GIVEN IN TIMES OF CRISIS, SUCH AS AFTER EARTHQUAKES, FLOODS OR DURING FAMINES. ITS IMMEDIATE PURPOSE IS TO PREVENT PEOPLE DYING
DEVELOPMENT AID THIS LONG TERM AID IS AIMED AT IMPROVING WATER SUPPLIES, HEALTH, AGRICULTURE, INDUSTRY, ROADS AND SCHOOLS IN THIRD WORLD COUNTRIES
SEA STACK IS A PILLAR OF ROCK STICKING OUT OF THE SEA NEAR THE COAST. IF THE ROOF OF AN ARCH COLLAPSES, ITS OUTER WALL MAY STAND OUT AS A PILLAR OF ROCK. (E.G. BALLYBUNION, CO.KERRY)
THE NORTH RICHER COUNTRIES 20% OF THE WORLD WITH 80% OF THE WEALTH
THE SOUTH POORER COUNTRIES 80% OF THE WORLD WITH 20% OF THE WEALTH
MALNUTRITION NO BALANCED DIET
FAIR TRADE WHEN 2 OR MORE COUNTRIES TRADE AND ALL MAKE A FAIR AND EQUAL PROFIT
LIFE-EXPECTANCY HOW LONG YOU ARE EXPECTED TO LIVE ACCORDING TO THE STAGE OF DEVELOPMENT OF THE COUNTRY YOU ARE LIVING IN
MIGRANT SOMEONE WHO MOVES FROM ONE PLACE TO ANOTHER
INTERNATIONAL MIGRANT SOMEONE WHO MOVES BETWEEN COUNTRIES
IMMIGRANT SOMEONE WHO MOVES INTO THE COUNTRY
EMIGRANT SOMEONE WHO LEAVES THE COUNTRY
INTERNATIONAL MIGRANT MOVES WITHIN THE SAME COUNTRY
INDIVIDUAL MIGRANT THE INDIVIDUAL CHOOSES TO MOVE
ORGANISED MIGRATION RELOCATION ORGANISED BY GOVERNMENTS OR GROUPS.(PLANTATIONS)
Created by: Mollyb123