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Chapter 13

Pathology – Blood clotting, White and Red blood cells, Bone marrow.

Hemophilia: Excessive bleeding caused by hereditary lack of blood clotting factors (factor VIII orIX) necessary for blood clotting.
Purpura: Multiple pinpoint hemorrhages and accumulation of blood under the skin. ((Hemorrhages in the skin and mucous membrane crews red purple discoloration of the skin.)
Leukemia: Increase in cancerous white blood cells (leukocytes).
Acute myelogenous leukemia: Immature granulocytes (myeloblasts) leukemia (AML) predominate.
Acute lymphatic leukemia (ALL): Immature lymphocytes (lymphoblasts) predominate. This form is seen most often in children and adolescents onset is sudden.
Chronic myelogenous (myelocytic) leukemia (CML): Both mature and immature granulocytes are present in large numbers in the marrow in the blood.
Chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL): Abnormal numbers of relatively mature lymphocytes predominate in the marrow, Nick knows and spleen.
Mononucleosis: Infectious disease marked by increased numbers of mononuclear leukocytes in a large cervical lymph nodes. (This disease is transmitted by the Epstein-Barr virus (EBV).
Multiple myeloma: Malignant neoplasm of bone marrow.
Anemia: Efficiency in erythrocyte or hemoglobin.
Aplastic anemia: Failure of blood cell production in the bone marrow.
Hemolytic anemia: Reduction in blood cells due to excessive destruction.
Pernicious anemia: Lack of mature erythrocytes caused by an inability to explore vitamin B12 into the bloodstream.
Sickle cell anemia: Hereditary disorder of abnormal hemoglobin producing sickle – shaped erythrocyte and hemolysis.
Thalassemia: Inherited defects in ability to produce hemoglobin leading to hypochromia.
Hemochromatosis: Excess iron deposits throughout the body.
Polycythemia vera: General increase in red blood cells (erythremia).
Created by: Bowiegirl