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Medical Voc 6

Chapter 6: Organization of the Body

What does every individual begin life as? a cell
These are similar cells acting together to perform a function. tissue
Tissue types working together to perform a function are called a/an.....? organ
What type of tissue supports and binds other body tissues and parts? connective tissue
This type of tissue forms the covering of body surfaces. epithelial tissue
The type of tissue that produces movement is.... muscle tissue
What tissue type coordinates and controls many of the body's activities? nervous tissue
All cells of the body except sex cells are called...... somatic cells
These are undifferentiated cells that give rise to specialized cells. stem cells
What term means existing at or before birth? congenital
anter(o) nearer to or toward the front
poster(o) nearer to or toward the back
ventr(o) belly side
dorso(o) directed toward or situated on the back side
medi(o) middle or nearer the middle
later(o) farther from the midline of the body or from a structure
super(o) uppermost or above
infer(o) lowermost or below
proxim(o) nearer the origin or point of attachment
Two combining forms that mean far or distant from the origin or point of attachment dist(o), tel(e)
caud(o) in an inferior position
cephal(o): Describing position toward the head
Directional term for anter(o) anterior
Directional term for poster(o) posterior
Directional term for ventr(o) ventral
Directional term for dors(o) dorsal
Directional terms for medi(o) medial or median
Directional term for later(o) lateral
Directional term for super(o) superior
Directional term for inter(o) interior
Directional term for proxim(o) proximal
Directional term for dist(o), tel(e) distal
Directional terms for caud(o) caudad or caudal
Directional term for cephal(o) cephalad
abdomin(o) abdomen
acr(o) extremities (arms and legs)
cephal(o): Describing the body head
crani(o) cranium (skull)
encephal(o) brain
herni(o) hernia
omphal(o), umbilic(o) umbilicus (navel)
pelv(i) pelvis
periton(o) peritoneum
pod(o) foot
som(a), somat(o) body
spin(o) spine
thorac(o) thorax (chest)
viscer(o) viscera (large abdominal organs)
Contains the right lobe of the liverr, gallbladder, right kidney, and parts of the large and small instestines right upper quadrant
Contains the left lobe of the liver, stomach, pancreas, left kidney, spleen, and parts of the large and small intestines left upper quadrant
Contains the right ureter, right ovary and uterine tube, appendix, and parts of the large and small intestines. right lower quadrant
Contains the left ureter, left ovary and uterine tube, and parts of the large and small intestines left lower quadrant
fever pyrexia
Agent that causes fever pyrogen
An abnormal development of tissue or organs dysplasia
A lack of development of an organ or tissue aplasia
Underdevelopment of an organ or tissue is... hypoplasia
An abnormal increase in the number of cells in tissue hyperplasia
This is a change in the structure and orientation of cells that is characteristic of malignancy anaplasia
Another name for omphalus(navel) umbilicus
The death of a person somatic death
The process of recording electrical activity of the brain electroencephalography
Congenital herniation of the navel omphalocele
Pertaining to the body and the mind somapsychic
The name of the procedure in which the physician listens with a stethoscope for sounds within the body auscultation
The name of the procedure in which the physician taps the patient's body with the fingertips to evaluate an internal organ percussion
The name of the procedure in which the physician feels the texture, size, consistency, and location of body parts with the hands palpation
The act of walking ambulation
abd abdomen
AP anteroposterior
BSA body surface area
DNA deoxyribonucleic acid
EEG electroencephalogram
lat. lateral
LLQ left lower quadrant
LUQ left upper quadrant
PA posteroanterior
PE physical examination
RLQ right lower quadrant
RUQ right upper quadrant
VS, v.s. vital signs
The top part of the dorsal cavity cranial cavity
The lower part of the dorsal cavity spinal cavity
The upper part of the ventral cavity thoracic cavity
The medial of the ventral cavity abdominal cavity
The lower part of the ventral cavity pelvic cavity
The plane dividing the body into front and back portions frontal plane
Another name for frontal plane coronal plane
The plane that divides the body into upper and lower portions tranverse plane
The plane dividing the body into equal left and right halves. midsagittal plane
Lying down and facing downward position prone position
Lying down and facing upward position supine position
The left upper lateral region beneath the ribs left hypochondriac region
The right upper lateral region beneath the ribs right hypochondriac region
The region between the hypochondriac regions where the stomach is located epigastric region
The region that lies just below the epogastric region umbilical region
The region that lies to the left of the umbilical region left hypogastric region
The region that lies to the right of the umbilical region right hypogastric region
The lower middle region iliac region
The lower left lateral region left inguinal region
The lower right lateral region right inguinal region
pertaining to above the chest suprathoracic
affecting only one side unilateral
lying flat on the back supine
pertaining to the peritoneum peritoneal
pertaining to the sole plantar
inflammation of the skin dermatitis
pertaining to the abdomen and pelvis abdominopelvic
cramping of the hand chirospasm
abnormal development of tissue dsyplasia
a record of electrical impulses of the brain electroencephalogram
Created by: cmcqueen