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Kingdoms, Cells,Punnett Squares

Living things are classified into how many domains? 3
How many Kingdoms are there? 6
Which domain and kingdom do humans belong to? Eukarya, Animalia
name the 3 domains Bacteria, Archae, Eukarya
What is binomial nomenclature? 2 word naming system using the organism's genus and species
Mushrooms, Mold, and Lichen belong to what Kingdom? Fungi
What is a genotype? alleles that are represented in letter form
What is a phenotype? Physical or observed expression of traits
What is a punnett square used for? to predict the possible outcome of genotypes and phenotypes
Homozygous means 2 alleles of a gene are the same (RR)
Heterozygous means 2 alleles of a gene are different (Rr)
Homozygous recessive is expressed as rr
Heterozygous is expressed as Rr
Homozygous Dominant is expressed as RR
What is the function of the mitochondria? cellular respiration, converts energy in the food molecules into useable energy.
What is the function of the chloroplast? process light energy, water, and carbon dioxide to maske glucose and release oxygen.
What is the main difference between a plant and an animal cell? A plant cell contains a cell wall, central vacuole, and chlorplasts.
What is the function of the cell wall? protects the cell from attack by harmful organisms.
What is the function of the nucleus? It directs the cell activities and contains genetic material.
What is the function of the cell membrane? protects the inside of the cell from the outside environment of the cell.
What is the cytoplasm? fluid inside the cell
What is the function of vesicles? transport substances to other parts of the cell
What is the function of the vacuole? stores food, water, and waste material
Created by: kfoulks