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Term. Challenge #1

abstruseness incomprehensible, unfathomable
accommodation automatic adjustment of the eye to distinct vision at different distances
anemia quantitative deficiency of the protein hemoglobin
arcane understood by very few; mysterious; secret
arthritis inflammation of a joint
asthma a paroxysmal, often allergic disorder of respiration
atrophic decreasing in size of a body part owing to disease, injury, or lack of use
auscultation listening to sounds within the body as a method of diagnosis
belligerent pugnacious, truculent, combative
bruit abnormal sound or murmur heard on auscultation
cancer malignant and invasive growth or tumor
cardiovascular pertaining to the heart and blood vessels
herniation rupture in muscle tissue through which a bodily structure protrudes
CHIEF COMPLAINT (heading) The statement of the patient's presenting complaint
chiropractor a practitioner in treatment that manipulates body structures (esp. the spine) to relieve low back pain, headache or high blood pressure
chronic lasting for a long period of time or marked by frequent recurrence
clubbing ends of toes and fingers become wide and thick; a symptom of heart or lung disease
cyanosis blueness of the skin
decubitus An attitude assumed in lying down
defecate to void excrement from the bowels through the anus
diabetes mellitus a disorder in which blood sugar (glucose) levels are abnormally high because the body does not produce enough insulin
diaphragmatic of the diaphragm, a membranous part that divides or separates.
diarrhea an intestinal disorder characterized by abnormal frequency and fluidity of fecal evacuations
disk space the space between vertebrae occupied by an intervertebral disk as seen on radiographs
DISPOSITION (heading) a patient's destination after discharge from a hospital?
dysuria painful urination
ecchymosis a bruise
edema excessive accumulation of fluid in tissue spaces or a body cavity
enuresis lack of control of urination; urinary incontinence
epilepsy a disorder of the central nervous system with loss of consciousness and convulsions
erythema redness of the skin caused by dilatation and congestion of the capillaries
excursions range of movements regularly repeated in performance of a function
exostosis the abnormal formation of a bony growth on a bone or tooth
extraocular movements eye movements
FAMILY HISTORY (heading) Includes the age and state of health of each member of the patient's immediate family and selected data about other relatives
flexion/extension films x-rays commonly used to identify abnormalities in intervertebral motion
foramen a natural opening or perforation through a bone or a membranous structure
fundus the base of a hollow organ or that part of the organ farthest from its opening
gallbladder a pear-shaped organ located below the liver that serves as a storage place for bile; cholecyst
gastrointestinal of or relating to the stomach and intestines
genitalia the external organs of the reproductive system
genitourinary of or related to the genital and urinary organs or their functions
great trochanter one of two processes near the head of the femur
guaiac-negative stool that is negative for occult blood
heart attack sudden interruption or insufficiency of the supply of blood to the heart; myocardial infarction
heart disease structural or functional abnormality of the heart, or blood vessels supplying the heart, that impairs its normal functioning
heart sounds the noises enerated by the beating heart and the resultant flow of blood through it
HEENT (heading) head, eyes, ears, nose, and throat
hematemesis the vomiting of blood
hemiparesis partial paralysis restricted to one side of the body
hemoptysis expectoration of blood, due usually to hemorrhage from the mucous membrane of the lungs
HISTORY OF PRESENT ILLNESS (hpi) (heading) Contains all historical details leading up to and pertaining to the patient's current status
hypertension a common disorder in which blood pressure remains abnormally high - a reading of 140 over 90 or greater
hypochondriac regions of the upper abdomen beneath the lower ribs and lateral to the epigastric region
hyposthenuria the secretion of urine of low specific gravity due to inability of the kidney to concentrate the urine normally
incontinence inability to control excretory functions
insulin a hormone produced in the pancreas that regulates the amount of sugar in the blood
intercostal space between the ribs
kidney disease nephropathy
melena black, tarry stool or vomit resulting from a hemorrhage along the digestive tract
mental illness abnormal behavior or an inability to function socially
murmur (heart) an abnormal sound produced by the blood passing through deformed cardiac valves.
myocardial infarction heart attack
neuromuscular having the characteristics of both nervous and muscular tissue
noncontributory making no contribution to a medical diagnosis
organomegaly visceromegaly; abnormal enlargement of the viscera
osteoma a slow growing benign tumor consisting of bone tissue; usually on the skull or mandible
palpation to examine or explore by touching
PAST HISTORY (heading) a concluding survey of all medical information not covered in any previous section of the history
pathophysiology the functional changes associated with a disease or syndrome.
peptic ulcer disease painful sores or ulcers in the lining of the stomach or the duodenum
percussion striking or tapping of the surface of a part of the body for diagnostic or therapeutic purposes
peripheral edema edema (swelling from fluid accumulation in body tissues) in the limbs
pneumonia disease marked by inflammation of the lungs, caused by viruses, bacteria, or other microorganisms or by physical and chemical irritants
polyuria an excessive quantity of urine
precordial in front of the heart
predisposes provides an inclination or susceptibility
presacral anterior to or preceding the sacrum (the triangular-shaped bone lying between the 5th lumbar vertebra and the coccyx)
provisional diagnosis not 100% sure of the diagnosis because more information is needed
differential diagnosis more than one possibility for what the diagnosis is
psychiatric relating to he practice of psychiatry (diagnosing and treating mental disorders.)
pulsations throbs or rhythmical beats, as of the heart
carotid arterial pulsations arterial pulsations in neck of blood flowing away from the heart to the head
jugular venous pulsations venous pulsations in the neck of blood flowing to the heart from the head
pulse the regular throbbing of the arteries, caused by the successive contractions of the heart
carotid pulse located in the neck (carotid artery)
dorsalis pedis pulse located on top of the foot (dorsalis pedis artery)
femoral pulse located in the thigh (femoral artery)
peripheral pulse pulse measured in the limbs
popliteal pulse located above the knee in the popliteal nasal, found by holding the bent knee
tibialis posterior pulse located on the medial side of the ankle
respiratory pertaining to respiration
REVIEW OF SYSTEMS (heading) a system-by-system review of the body functions
rheumatic fever disease occurring chiefly in children and young adults characterized by fever, inflammation, pain, and swelling in and around the joints, inflammatory involvement of the pericardium and valves of the heart
sacrum the triangular segment of the spinal column that forms part of the pelvis
SOCIAL HISTORY (heading) personal information about the patient's past or present life that, although nonmedical, may have a bearing on health
splitting (heart sound) the presence of two components in the first or second heart sound complexes
stethoscope an instrument used in auscultation
stoic one who is seemingly indifferent to or unaffected by joy, grief, pleasure, or pain
stroke apoplexy; cerebrovascular accident; a blockage or hemorrhage of a blood vessel leading to the brain
symmetric affecting corresponding parts simultaneously
systolic ejection murmur a heart murmur heard at systole, usually due to mitral or tricuspid regurgitation or to aortic or pulmonary obstruction
thrombophlebitis inflammation of a vein caused by the formation of a blood clot.
tuberculosis an infectious disease of humans and animals caused by the tubercle bacillus
ulcer a sore on the skin or a mucous membrane, accompanied by the disintegration of tissue, the formation of pus, etc.
urinate to pass or discharge urine
Valsalva maneuver forcing of air into middle ear
varicosities a varicose enlargement or swelling
venous hum brief or continuous noise originating from the neck veins that may be confused with cardiac murmurs
VITAL SIGNS (heading) pulse, respiration, temperature, blood pressure
waxed increased in extent, quantity, intensity, power, etc
waned decreased in strength, intensity, etc.
Created by: chocoholic