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Lesson 4 Neurology

Chapter 14 Nervous System

cerebello cerebellum (brain)
cerebro cerebrum (brain)
encephalo brain
myelo spinal cord
neuro nerve
cephalo head
sclero hardening
ALS amyotrophic lateral sclerosis - disease with muscle weakness and atrophy - Lou Gehrig disease
anticonvulsant medication to reduce seizures
brain tumor intracranial mass, benign or malignant
cerebral contusion bruising of brain from impact
CP cerebral palsy - brain damage resulting from defect in fetal development, trauma, or oxygen deprivation at time of birth
cerebrospinal fluid analysis lab exam of fluid within brain
CVA cerebrovascular accident - brain infarct
coma profound unconsciousness
concussion injury to brain
dementia progressive impairment of intellectual function
epilepsy recurrent disorder of brain - seizures
hydrocephalus buildup of cerebrospinal fluid within brain
LP lumbar puncture - puncture to vertebral area to withdraw fluid for exam or for injection of medication - spinal tap
migraine specific type of headache
MS multiple sclerosis - inflammatory autoimmune disease of central nervous system
myasthenia gravis autoimmune disease with severe muscular weakness and fatigue
paralysis loss of muscle function and movement
Parkinson disease chronic disorder of nervous system with fine tremors, muscular weakness, shuffling gait
PET positron emission tomography - test for brain activity
seizure sudden uncontrollable onset of symptoms - convulsions or loss of awareness, etc
shingles painful blisters along nerve path - zoster virus - infection of nerve root
spina bifida congenital defect in walls of spinal canal where 2 sides of vertebra do not meet or close
subdural hematoma mass of blood forming underneath dura matter
syncope fainting
TIA transient ischemic attack - mini stroke
Created by: kducey