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Physical Geography 2

Mrs. French's Physical Geography Part 2-Test is 3/25/16

QuestionAnswer
Unpredictable events that occur in nature that can impact the environment and humans. natural hazards
Give examples of natural hazards. earthquake, hail, ice, landslide, avalanche, fog, drought, tornado, hurricane, blizzard, tsunami, etc
What is the spreading of dry lands or desert-like conditions into non-dry or vegetated areas called? desertification
What are possible side effects of desertification? harming plants, killing plants and animals, ruining cropland, ruining towns, drought
What is a concern related to climate change? Glaciers melting, more natural disasters occurring, global warming trends, endangered species
What do you call the short term changes in the air for a given place and time? weather
What is a region's average weather conditions over a long period? climate
What are the five main climate regions? tropical, temperate, dry, polar, highlands
What are winds that blow in the same direction over large areas of Earth called? prevailing winds
What are two important forces that affect climate? latitude and distance to the sun or proximity to water
Where are the hottest places on earth? near the equator
Where are the coldest places on earth? near the poles and tops of highly elevated mountains
What do you call permanently frozen layers of soil? permafrost
What type of climate region has the most seasonal changes? temperate
What type of climate receives little to no precipitation? dry/arid
What is a temperate climate? Moderate to mild climate that tends to have all four seasons
What is a dry climate? Climate where precipitation is scarce and temperature changes are dramatic and there is little to no vegetation
What is a polar climate? A climate with bitterly, cold winters, short and cool summers and limited vegetation
What is a tropical climate? The wettest and hottest climate on Earth with lots of vegetation
What is a highlands climate? The mountain climate where the temperature and precipitation can change as you go higher up
What is another name for a dry climate? Arid
What is another name for a temperate climate? continental
Give examples of how people adapt to living in polar climates. Heavier clothing and boots, sledding, snowmobiling, four wheel drive vehicles, rely on fishing industry, etc. answers will vary
Give examples of how people adapt to living in tropical climates. Shorts and bathing suits, live near water, grow citrus fruits, use more sunscreen, scuba diving and boating, etc. answers will vary
What type of climate does Michigan have? temperate
What are the four seasons of a temperate climate? fall, winter, spring, summer
Dividing the world by special thematic topics such as climate or vegetation is an example of which of the five themes of geography? region
What do you call any material found in nature that people use and value? natural resource
What are negative ways people impact the environment? air pollution, noise pollution, hunting endangered species, littering, oil spills, land fills, having too much trash, deforestation, etc.
What are positive ways people impact the environment? stricter hunting laws, recycling, reforestation, using reusable shopping bags, etc.
What is vegetation? Plants
Give examples of natural resources. water, trees, oil, etc.
Give an example of natural resources you use and how life would change if that natural resource disappeared. Answers will vary.
What are some energy resources we use on earth? coal, sun, oil, petroleum
What are some alternatives to using fossil fuels for energy? solar power, wind power from windmills, geothermal energy, hydroelectric power from water, etc.
What are resources that can be replaced naturally called? renewable resources
What are resources that cannot be replaced that quickly or ever called? nonrenewable resources
What do you call nonrenewable resources formed from the remains of ancient plants and animals? fossil fuels
Give some examples of renewable resources. trees, air and water
Give some examples of fossil fuels. natural gas and oil
What is the production of electricity by moving water called? hydroelectric power
Where in the United States would you find an example of hydroelectric power? Hoover Dam
What do you call the loss of forests or clear cutting of forests? deforestation
What do you call planting trees to replace lost forestlands? reforestation
What is a dark liquid used to make fuels and other products highly consumed in the USA? petroleum/oil
What are solid substances in the Earth's crust that have to be mined for? minerals
Give examples of some minerals. Uranium, copper, rocks, gemstones, salt, iron, etc.
Give some examples of nonrenewable resources. Fossil fuels and minerals
What do you call adjusting to the environment conditions in which you live? adaptation
What do you call producing crops and/or raising livestock? agriculture
What activity is related to agriculture? farming
What do you call a special purpose map that focuses on one special theme such as climate or population? thematic map
Compare and contrast at least two climate regions. Answers will vary
Explain how people have adapted to living in different climates by discussing activities they do, how they use vegetation and resources, jobs they do there, and clothing and transportation or other unique items needed. Answers will vary.
Explain how a natural hazard or disaster can impact humans and the environment. Answers will vary.
What do you call your surroundings? environment
What do you call a group of plants and animals that depend on each other for survival and the environment in which they live? ecosystem
What is the source of energy for all living things? sun
What is it called when a species close to dying out? endangered
What do you call it when a species dies out? extinction
What is it called when you try to use less of a resource? conservation
Give examples of how you can conserve water and/or energy? Turn off faucets, turn off lights, carpool, etc.
What storm forms over tropical waters in mostly tropical regions and is Earth's largest and most destructive storms? hurricanes
Created by: comstockpark