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Western Civ 1-6

Western Civ Midterm Study Guide Vocabulary Chapters 1-6

Paleolithic Age Old stone age, began with the earliest primitive toolmaking human beings who inhabited East Africa 2.5 million years ago
Neolithic Age New stone age, beginning ten thousand years ago to present day in the Near East
Polytheism Belief in multiple gods or religions
God-King An all-knowing, all-powerful being that controlled the Nile, bringing fertility to the land and could intercede in their behalf with the other deities
Mythopoetic Gives Near Eastern civilization its distinctive form and allows us to view it as an organic whole
Parochialism Stressed special nature, destiny, and needs of the chosen people
Messianic Age A golden age of peace and social justice
Theocracies Religion dominated political activity
Rationalism Traditional religious beliefs and restrictions either made way to comply with the demands of reason or grew weaker through neglect and disuse
Citizenship Not being under direct rule of a king or higher power
Philosophy The study of the fundamental nature of knowledge, reality, and existence, especially when considered as an academic discipline
Metaphysics The branch of philosophy that deals with the first principles of things, including abstract concepts such as being, knowing, substance, cause, identity, time, and space
Humanist A philosophical and ethical stance that emphasizes the value and agency of human beings, individually and collectively
Relativist Someone who believes that knowledge, truth, and morality exist in relation to culture, society, or historical context, and are not absolute
Sophrosyne An ancient Greek concept of an ideal of excellence of character and soundness of mind, which when combined in one well-balanced individual leads to other qualities, such as temperance, moderation, prudence, purity, and self-control
Dialectics The art of investigating or discussing the truth of opinions
Sense Perception Understanding gained through the use of one of the senses such as sight, taste, touch or hearing
Tragedy An event causing great suffering, destruction, and distress, such as a serious accident, crime, or natural catastrophe
Hellenic Age A period in history defined as the time between the death of Alexander the Great and the rise of Roman domination
Greco-Roman Age A long period of cultural history centered on the Mediterranean Sea, comprising the interlocking civilizations of ancient Greece and ancient Rome
Oikoumene An ancient Greek term for the known world, the inhabited world, or the habitable world
Cosmopolitanism The ideology that all human beings belong to a single community, based on a shared morality
Hellenization The historical spread of ancient Greek culture and, to a lesser extent, language, over foreign peoples conquered by Greece or brought into its sphere of influence, particularly during the Hellenistic period following the campaigns of Alexander the Great
Natural Law A body of unchanging moral principles regarded as a basis for all human conduct
Republic A state in which supreme power is held by the people and their elected representatives, and which has an elected or nominated president rather than a monarch
Empire An extensive group of states or countries under a single supreme authority, formerly especially an emperor or empress
Latifundia A large landed estate or ranch in ancient Rome or more recently in Spain or Latin America, typically worked by slaves
Created by: joebouhadana