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greece vocab

peninsula a piece of land almost surrounded by water or projecting out into a body of water.
crete Island in southeastern Greece in the Mediterranean Sea
mycenae of, relating to, or characteristic of Mycenae, its people, or the period (1400 to 1100 b.c. ) of Mycenae's political ascendancy.
agamemnom In Greek mythology, Agamemnon was the son of King Atreus and Queen Aerope of Mycenae, the brother of Menelaus, the husband of Clytemnestra and the father of Iphigenia, Electra or Laodike
peloponnesus a peninsula forming the S part of Greece: seat of the early Mycenaean civilization and the powerful city-states of Argos, Sparta, etc.
colonies a country or area under the full or partial political control of another country, typically a distant one, and occupied by settlers from that country.
polis a city state in ancient Greece, especially as considered in its ideal form for philosophical purposes.
agora a public open space used for assemblies and markets.
tyrant a cruel and oppressive ruler.
oligarchy a small group of people having control of a country, organization, or institution.
democracy a system of government by the whole population or all the eligible members of a state, typically through elected representatives.
sparta An ancient Greek city-state and rival of Athens. Sparta was known for its militaristic government and for its educational system designed to train children to be devoted citizens and brave soldiers. Sparta defeated Athens in the Peloponnesian War.
athens Modern Greek: Ancient Greek is the capital and largest city of Greece.
helots a member of a class of serfs in ancient Sparta, intermediate in status between slaves and citizens.
solon Solon was an Athenian statesman, lawmaker, and poet. He is remembered particularly for his efforts to legislate against political, economic, and moral decline in archaic Athens.
peisistratus tyrant of athens from 546 to 527/8 who promoted cultural and financial prosperity of athens.
cleisthenes Cleisthenes was a noble Athenian of the Alcmaeonid family. He is credited with reforming the constitution of ancient Athens and setting it on a democratic footing in 508/7 BC.
socrates of or relating to Socrates, his followers, or his philosophical method of systematic doubt and questioning of another to elicit a clear expression of a truth supposed to be knowable by all rational beings.
plato From the Greek name meaning "broad-shouldered". Plato was one of the most important of the Greek philosophers. He was a pupil of Socrates and a teacher of Aristotle.
aristotle Aristotle is a towering figure in ancient Greek philosophy, making contributions to logic, metaphysics, mathematics, physics, biology, botany, ethics, politics, agriculture, medicine, dance and theatre.
pericles Pericles (495–429 BCE, whose name means "surrounded by glory") was a prominent statesman, famous orator, and general (in Greek 'Strategos') of Athens during the Golden Age of Athens.
philosopher a person engaged or learned in philosophy, especially as an academic discipline.
vote a formal indication of a choice between two or more candidates or courses of action, expressed typically through a ballot or a show of hands or by voice.
Created by: vickstar123