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Medical Vocabulary

Cadaver a dead body used for dissection, study, and tissue samples.
Empathy understanding of and sensitivity to the feelings, thoughts, and experiences of others.
Epidemiology Branch of science that studies the incidence, spread, and control of disease in a population.
Indigestion Inability to digest, often with pain in the gastrointestinal GI tract.
Practitioner A person who practices in a profession, such as medicine.
Prognosis A prediction of the outcome of an illness (literal meaning: knowledge before)
Anxiety Fear of the unknown; a feeling of fear or worry about the future.
Hearing impaired Unable to speak, or having a diminished ability to speak
acute sharp, severe, sudden; having a sudden onset and usually of short duration
afferent nerves sensory that carryi mpulses to the central nerves system
analgesic pain reducing
cerebral pertaining to the cerebrum, the forefront of the brain.
chronic of long duration, often with slow progression.
controlled substances narcotics, stimulants, and certain sedatives
efferent nerves motor nerves that carry impulses from the central nervous system to the peripheral nervous system
endorphins proteins in the brain that have analgesic properties
referred pain pain that is felt in a different area from the injured or diseased part of the body
risk factor factor that makes a person particularly vulnerable to certain diseases or disorders.
hospice facility or program that provides care for the terminally ill in a home setting or hospice center
ischemic pertaining to a decreased blood supply to tissue due to impaired circulation to the organ or part
organ a group of tissues making up a structure that has a particular function in the body
palliative relieving pain or discomfort
tissue a group of cells that act together for a particular body function.
decontamination use of physical means or chemical agents to remove, inactivate, or destroy pathogens on a surface or object to the point where they are no longer capable of transmitting infectious disease, therby rendering the surface or object safe for handling/disposal
pathogen disease-causing microorganism
charting documentation of all the events of a patients visit
diagnosis conclusion made about the patients condition by interpretation of data
implied consent agreement implied by the patient for examination and treatment when presenting for a routine visit.
informed consent consent given by patient after all potential treatments and outcomes have been discussed for specific medication, condition, risks and negative outcomes.
ophthalmoscope instrument to examine eyes
otoscope instrument used to examine ears
prognosis an outcome prediction for the course of a disease and patient recovery
sign that which can be seen, heard, or felt by the examiner
sphygmomanometer instrument used to measure blood pressure
stethoscope instrument used to listen to sounds within the body
symptom a perceptible change in the body related by the patient
thermometer instrument used to measure body temperature
triage prioritizing patient needs by assessing symptoms, situations and external factors and arranging patients according to most immediate need.
aerobe organism able to survive and grow only in the prescence of oxygen
anaerobe organism that survives and grows in the absence of oxygen
asepsis practice of maintaining a pathogen free or pathogen controlled environment to prevent the spread of disease and illness.
bactericidal capable of killing or destroying bacteria
bloodborne pathogens pathogens carried in the blood stream
body substance isolation (BSI) procedures, equipment, and supplies used to prevent the transmission of communicable diseases by preventing direct contact with all body substances.
carrier person who has the capacity to transmit a disease and is usually aware of infection
cilia hairlike processes projecting from epithelial cells
contamination making a sterile field unclean, placing pathogens inside of it
dermis middle layer of skin
epidermis outermost layer of skin
epithelial pertaining to the epithelium (cells covering the external and internal surfaces of the body)
follicle small hollow or cavity with secretory functions
fomites nonliving objects that may transmit infectious materials
homeostasis interaction between body systems that maintains optimum body function
immunity ability to resist disease
incubation period of time between exposure to infection and the appearance of symptoms
infection invasion of the body by a pathogenic microorganism.
integumentary skin, hair and nails
keratinocyte any skin cell that produces keratin, hard protein material found in hair skin and nails
medical asepsis the practice of reducing the number of pathogens and the transmission of disease; also known as clean technique
microorgansim organism that can be viewd under a microscope but not by the naked eye
nonpathogens harmless organism that does not cause disease
nosocomial infection infection resulting from the hospitalization of a patient
personal protective equipment protective clothing and equipment: gloves, gown and masks. Worn to prevent contamination by blood and other bodily fluids
phagocytosis engulfing destruction of microorganisms by phagocytic cells
prodromal period between earliest symptoms and appearance of physical sign such as fever or rash.
standard precautions precautions that replace body substance isolation and universal precautions in a healthcare setting.
sterile free from pathogens and all microorganisms
subcutaneous tissue deepest layer of skin
transmission based precautions care based on symptoms of disease and transmission method of the pathogen such as contact, droplet, air, vector or common vehicle.
universal precautions CDC's official guidelines for preventing the transmission of AIDS and other blood borne pathogens
asepsis, surgical practice that keeps objects and areas sterile or free from microorganisms using sterile technique
aseptic without germs
autoclave device used to sterilize instruments under steam pressure
autoclave load wrapped or unwrapped instruments, packs, and supplies placed in an auto clave to be sterilized
cold sterilization sterilization with a chemical sterilant, performed when heat cannot be used
debris organic or inorganic extraneous material that interferes with proper functioning or cleaning of supplies or equipment.
disinfection method of decontamination that destroys or inhibits pathogenic microorganisms but does not kill spores and some viruses; alternative to autoclave sterilization.
emesis vomit
endoscope fiber-optic instrument used to visualize the internal aspect to visualize the internal aspect
germicide agent used to kill germs
mayo stand movable table used for placement of supplies and/or a sterile field during a procedure
noncritical pertaining to objects that do not touch the patient or touch only intact skin
PH measure of hydrogen ion concentrationin a substance or solution; a pH of 7.0 is neutral, below 7.0 is acidic and above 7.0 is alkaline.
sanitization decontamination that reduces the numbers of microorganisms on an object or surface; removes organic material from equipment or instruments and must be performed before disinfection and sterilization
spore capsule fromed by some bacteria as a protective shell during their resting state; under favorable conditions the bacteria become active again
sterilant chemical sterilizing agent
sterile free from all living microorgansims and bacterial spores
sterile field microorganism free environment used during procedures to prevent contamination by pathogens
sterilization process of destroying all microbial forms of life for which the autoclave is most commonly used
sterilization indicator different forms of tape or inserts (strips or tubes) that provide verification that of an autoclaves effectiveness.
Ultrasonic cleaning use of ultrasonic waves to loosen contaminants
chemical name official pharmaceutical name for a drug based on its chemical composition.
contraindication reason or condition for which a drug should not be administered
controlled substance drugs that have a potential for being addictive or abusive
drug any substance capable of producing a change in function when administered to a living organism
generic (non-proprietary) name pharmaceutical name for a medication, often a shortened chemical name; used by manufacturer, never capitalized
Over the counter nonprescription drugs that can be purchased anywhere without a prescription
pharmacology the study of drugs and their effect on the human body
side effect effect other then the therapeutic effect
sympahtomimetic drugs that mimic the sympathetic nervous system.
therapeutic effect the desired or intended effect
toxic effect potential, harmful or life threatening effect
trade (brand,proprietary) name name registered by a manufacturer for use only by the manufacturer; has a registered trademark symbol, first letter always capitalized
Created by: lvilla