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Chapter 4-LA

An organization in society with the authority to make, carry out, and enforce laws government
A political subdivision within the state of Louisiana parish
A document that explains the broad purpose of a government, describes its organization, and states its purpose constitution
A system of government where the national and state governments share powers federalism
A system whereby each branch of government can use its powers to keep the other branches from misusing their powers checks and balances
To refuse to approve legislation veto
The branch of government responsible for implementing the laws passed by the legislature, for operating the state government, and for overseeing state services executive branch
A plan for receiving and spending money budget
The branch of government that is the law-making branch legislative branch
Describes a legislative body made up of two bodies or houses bicameral
An official count of the population conducted every ten years census
The process of revising the boundaries of legislative districts in order to achieve relatively equal populations reapportionment
The people represented by an elected official constituent
A proposed law bill
The branch of government that interprets and applies the constitution and laws of the state; consists of the courts judicial branch
Laws that deal with the relationships between and among individuals civil laws
Those laws intended to protect society from the wrongdoing of an individual criminal laws
A group of citizens chosen to hear evidence on a legal case and to make a decision based on the evidence presented jury
Amounts charged citizens by their government (federal, state, and local) to pay for services provided taxes
The form of government used in most of Louisiana’s parishes; has five to fifteen elected members police jury
The power of political subdivisions to govern themselves; local self-government home rule
City or town municipality
An election in which all candidates compete for a position regardless of political party; voters can choose any candidate regardless of political party open primary
The process of trying to influence a legislator about a proposed law lobbying
What is the name of the local governing body in most of Louisiana’s sixty-four parishes? police jury
Which branch of state government can declare a state law unconstitutional? judicial
Which branch of state government prepares the state budget? executive
What state official keeps Louisiana’s official records? secretary of state
How many members does the Louisiana house of representatives have? 105
What constitutional amendment gave eighteen-year-olds the right to vote? 26th
Which courts are the main trial courts for the state of Louisiana? district courts
What action on bills CANNOT be taken by a legislative committee? It can send the bill to the governor.
How many people serve on a grand jury? 12
What type of tax is imposed on products like gasoline, alcohol, and cigarettes? excise tax
What local government official serves as the tax collector? sheriff
What is the smallest form of municipality in Louisiana? Village
According to the Preamble of the U.S. and Louisiana constitutions, who is responsible for government? people
Which amendment to the United States Constitution addresses the powers given to the states? 10th
What is the youngest age a person can be to run for governor? 25
Which duty is NOT performed by the police jury? brings charges against those people accused of crimes
Accd. to the chart on p.121, what is the correct order of events for a bill to become a law? 1. A bill is assign. to a committee 2. A proposal is introduced in either house 3. The gov. may sign or veto the bill 4. A bill is sent to the both houses 2-1-4-3
What topic is NOT covered by civil law? murder
What local government official has duties that are similar to that of the secretary of state? clerk of the court
Which is NOT a source of state money? savings accounts
Which city has its own school district? Bogalusa
Keeps records of state’s income and expenses treasurer
Brings legal action on behalf of the state attorney general
Keeps the state’s Great Seal secretary of state
Prepares and submits the state budget governor
Becomes governor if the governor leaves office or is unable to act lieutenant governor
Created by: Colleen Frazier