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art midterm

abstract art that exaggerates, is simplified, or distorted
actual texture the existing surface quality of an object as communicated primarily the sense of touch
additive sculpture technique of adding to or building up clay, plaster, metal or other pliable materials into 3D forms (modeling)
aesthetics the branch of philosophy that deals with the nature and value of art
analogous colors next to each other on the color wheel that have a common hue
architectural style type of design used frequently during a certain time in history
architecture art form of planning and construction buildings to meet a variety of human needs
arbitrary color colors chose by the artist independent of what is observed
art criticism process organized approach to the observation and evaluation of a work of art using description analysis, interpretation, and judgement
assemblage an artwork created by combining 3D objects
asymmetrical balance two sides of a composition are different but have the same visual weight (informal balance)
atmospheric perspective a method of creating the illusion of depth by representing objects further away with less clarity of contour and diminished color and contrast (aerial perspective)
background the part of an artwork farthest away from the viewer, and closest to the horizon line
balance (principle of design) arranging visual elements so that a composition has equal visual weight on each side of an imaginary line
batik method of dying cloth that involves the use of resist materials to prevent dye from coloring certain areas of the cloth
center of interest the focal point or area of emphasis
ceramics sculpture or pottery made from clay
cityscape a picture of the outside with the city or buildings being the most important part
clay, natural a moist earth of decomposed rock used to create pottery
coil long roll of clay or fiber joined into a circle or spiral
collage "coller" means to paste a collage is a composition made by attatching a variety of materials to a flat surface
collagraph a print made from a specifically constructed plate that has been produced in a collage manner, resulting in high and low surfaces which hold ink differently during printing
color (element of art) reflected light- hue, value, intensity
color schemes purposely selected groups of colors chosen for their unique relationship to one another monochromatic analogous complementary traid split-complementary
color wheel a predetermined arrangement of the primary, secondary, and intermediate colors on a circular wheel used to define color relationships
complementary two colors opposite of the color wheel blue/orange yellow/violet
composition the arrangement of the elements or objects in an artwork. the way principles of art are used to organize elements
contour line an outline drawing of a form or object defines edges and surface ridges
contrast (principle of design) a difference between elements in an artwork
cool colors green blue violet
crosshatching shading technique which uses layering of repeated parallel lines in different directions to create the appearance of volume
depth distance between fore ground, middle ground, and background
design a visual plan, organization, or arrangements of elements in an artwork
diagonal lines that slant
drawing using lines to show form of figures
dry brush lightly touching the surface with a brush coated in ink, paint, or other medium to create a scratchy textured effect
edition set of prints made from the same plate
elements of art line shape form texture color value space language of art of the basic elements used
emphasis (principle of design) stresses one element or area of a work of art to make it attract the viewers attention
etching intaglio technique in which acid is used to incise lines in a metal plate includes aquatint, soft/hard grounds
figure drawing drawing the whole body of a person
focal point area of an artwork that attracts the attention first
foreground the part of an artwork closest to the viewer and usually positioned at the bottom of the artwork
form (element of art) 3 dimensions- height, width, and depth
formal balance two sides of a composition are identical (symmetrical balance)
free form shape unique shapes without given names
function the purpose for which and object is used
geometric shapes of forms with math names circle triangle square sphere cube prism pyramid
hatching shading technique that uses layering or repeated parallel lines to create the appearance of volume
hard edge in 2D artwork, shapes with clearly defined outlines
horizon line line where the sky and ground appear to meet
horizontal a line that is parallel to the top and bottom edges of the surface plane
hue another name for color related to the wave length of the reflected light
illusion of depth feeling or appearance of distance created by color, line, value, placement, and size on a flat surface
intensity the brightness or dullness of a color
intermediate colors colors created by the combo of a primary color and secondary color that are next to each other on the color wheel red-orange blue-violet yellow-green
invented texture a type of invented texture that does not represent real texture but creates the sensation of one by repeating lines and shapes in a 2D pattern. fabricated texture from the imagination in contrast to one produced by nature.
line the path of a moving dot
linear perspective a system of drawing or painting to give the illusion of depth on a flat surface all parrallel lines receding into the distance are drawn to one or more imaginary vanishing points on the horizon in such a work
medium material, such as pencil, pen, watercolors, oil paint, pastel, acrylic paint, clay, wood, stone, found objects, used to create art. plural is media
middle ground area in an artwork between fore and background
modeling technique of adding or buidling up clay, plaster, metal or other pliable materials into 3D forms
monochromatic a color scheme using tints and shades of one color
mono-print a print made in an edition of one, often from a painting made on a non-absorbent surface
negative shape flat area that is not the subject matter
negative space empty spaces surrounding shapes and forms
neutral colors color category that encompasses whites, grays, blacks, and browns
non objective style of an art in which there is no recognizable subject matter
opaque quality of a material that does not let any light pass through opposite of transparent
organic shapes a fluid shape having none of the angularity associated with geometric shapes organic shapes are often associated with objects in nature
original one of a kind
overlapping placing one object in front of another to show depth
paint pigment mixed with oil or water
painting to make an artwork using wet media such as tempera or watercolor paints
pallette tray used by painters for mixing colors of paint
parallel lines that move in the same direction and always stay the same distant apart
pattern a choice of lines, colors, and or shapes repeated over and over in a planned way
perspective a way of creating the illusion of depth on a 2D surface
pigment any coloring matter mixed with a liquid or binder to make paint, ink crayons, etc.
pinch a method of hand-building pottery or sculpture by pressing, pulling, and pinching clay or other soft materials
point of view angle from which the viewer sees an object
portrait an artwork that shows a specific person or animal, often shows only the face
positive space shapes or forms
primary colors the first colors from which all other spectrum are mixed red yellow blue
principles of design balance emphases contrast rhythm unity proportion the rules by which an artist organizes the elements of art to create a work of art
print making the design and productions of prints by an artist
proportion the size of relationships of parts to a whole and to each other
radial balance type of balance in which lines, shapes or elements branch out from a central point in a circular pattern
realistic art that shows life as it is, art that aims to reproduce things as they appear
relief print making technique in which the image is printed from a raised surface, usually by cutting away non-image area. includes linocut, woodcut collograph, and etching
relief sculpture type of sculpture in which forms project from a flat background
rhythm principle of design) regular repetition of any of the elements of design, with or without periodic alteration
scale the relative size of an object as compared to other objects, to the environment or the human figure
sculpture 3D artwork
sculpture in the round freestanding sculpture that is complete on all sides
seascape a picture of the outside, with a body of water being the most imporant part
secondary colors color made by mixing two primary colors orange violet green
serigraph technique that uses a squeegee to force ink through selected parts of stretched mesh containing the image. (silkscreen)
shade the dark value of a color made by mixing black with a color. the opposite of tint
shading the use of a range of values to define form
shape an element of art. shape is enclosed space having only two demensions (height x width)
simulate texture texture that is created through careful and methodical imitation of actual and natural textures
slab hand building ceramic method in which flat pieces of moist clay are joined together with slip
space (element of art) emptiness between, above, around, below, or within objects. the distance around and between things. an area that can be filled with an art element
still life an arrangement of inanimate objects
stippling a shading technique which uses layering of repeated dots to create the appearance of volume
subject the image that viewers can eaily recognize in a work of art
subtractive a sculpture technique in which material is removed by carved or cutting
symbol an image that stands for an idea or has a meeting other than its outward appearance
symmetrical balance two sides of a composition are identical (balance)
texture (element of art) how things feel or how they might look on the surface
theme the most important idea or subject in a composition the subject of a work of art, sometimes with a number of phrases or variation
3D artwork that has height, width, and depth
tint light value of a color by mixing white with a color
translucent quality of a material that allows light to pass through it but one cannot see through it
transparent quality of a material that allows light to pass through it
2D artwork that is flat or measured by height and width
unity (principle of design) sense of wholeness in an artwork. a coherent relationship among the elements in a work of art
value (element of art) lightness or darkness of a gray or a color
vanishing point point on the horizon where receding parallel lines seem to meet
variety (principle of design) difference or contrast
warm colors red orange yellow
warp in weaving, lengthwise threads held in place on the loom and crossed by the weft threads
wash a thin transparent layer of paint
weaving interlacing two sets of parallel threads. decorative art made by interlocking one material in other materials
weft in weaving, the filling threads, running horizontally in weaving
Created by: ryhuie