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Chap. 3

Constition A detailed, written plan for government
Bicameral A legislature consisting of two parts, or houses
Confederation A group of individuals or state governments
Ratify To vote approval of
Constitutional Convention A meeting state delegates in 1787 leading to the adoption new constitution
Great Compromise An agreement that provided a dual system of congressional representation
Three-Fifths Compromise An agreement that provided enslaved people would be counted as three-fifths of other people in determining representation in Congress
Electoral College A group of people named by each state legislature to select the president and vice president
Federalists Supporters of the Constitution
Federalism A form of government in which power is divided between the federal, or national, government and states
Anti-Federalists Those who oppose the ratification of the Constitution
Preamble The opening section of the government
Legislative Branch The lawmaking branch of the government
Executive Branch The branch of the government that carries out laws
Judicial Branch The branch of the government that interprets laws
Amendment A change in the Constituion
Popular Sovereignty The notion that power lies with the people
Rule of Law Principle that the law applies to everyone, even those who govern
Separation of Powers The split authority among the legislative, executive, and judicial branches
Checks and Balances A system in which branch of government is able to check, or restrain, the power of others
Expressed Powers Powers that Congress have that are specifically listed in the Constitution
Reserved Powers Powers that the Constitution does not give to the national government that are kept by the states
Concurrent Powers Powers shared by the state and federal governments
Created by: abdieldeleon