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SpecialSenses RevDef

Purple Module Special Senses Reverse Definitions

vestibulae A chamber that joins the cochlea and semicircular canals
equilibrium A state of balance, controlled by the semicircular canals and the vestibulae
eustacian tube A tube which connects the nose and the throat with the cavity of the middle ear.
cerumen A waxy secretion produced by the glands of the external ear canal to prevent the entrance of tiny foreign particles.
refractive Ability to bend light rays as they pass from one medium to another.
epiphora Abnormal overflow of tears
glaucoma Accumulation of aqueous humor in the eye.
accommodation Adjustment of the eye for various distances so that the images fall on the retina of the eye.
cycloplegic agents Agents which paralyze ciliary muscles, causing dilation of the pupils.
ametropia An error in refraction causing poor focus.
retinopathy Any disorder of the retinal blood vessels
humor Any fluid or semifluid in the body.
conduction impairment Blocking of sound waves as they pass through the external and middle ear.
retinitis pigmentosa Chronic progressive disease of degeneration of the retina and atrophy of of the optic nerve.
trachoma Chronic, contagious form of conjunctivitis common in the southwestern United States that typically leads to blindness.
acuity Clearness or sharpness of a sensory function.
anacusis Complete deafness
noise-induced hearing loss (NIHL) Condition caused by the destruction of hair cells, the organs responsible for hearing, caused by sounds that are "too long, too loud, or too close".
strabismus Condition in which one eye is misaligned with the other or out of synchrony.
ophthalmatic decongestants Constrict the small arterioles of the eye, decreasing redness and relieving conjunctival congestion.
otoplasty Corrective surgery for a deformed or excessively large or small pinea
blepharoplasty Cosmetic surgery that removes fatty tissue above and below the eyes that commonly form as a result of the aging process or excessive exposure to the sun.
dacryocystorhinostomy Creation of an opening into the nose for draining of tears.
antiglaucoma agents Decrease aqueous humor production by constricting the pupil to open the angle between the iris and cornea
astigmatism Defective curvature of the cornea or lens.
corectasis Dilation of the pupil
otopyorrhea Discharge of pus from the ear
Meniere disease Disorder of the labyrinth that leads to progressive loss of hearing.
mydriatics Disrupt parasympathetic nerve supply to the eye or stimulate the sympathetic nervous system, causing the pupil to dilate.
otalgia Ear pain
fluorescin angiography Evaluation of blood vessels and their leakage in an beneath the retina after injection of fluorescin dye, which circulates while photographs of the vessels within the eye are obtained.
tonometry Evaluation of intraocular pressure by measuring the resistance of the eyeball to indentation by an applied force.
retinoscopy Evaluation of refractive errors of the eye by projecting a light into the eyes and determining the movement of reflected light rays.
tuning fork test Evaluation of sound conduction using a vibrating tuning fork
ectropion Eversion, or outward turning, of the edge of the lower eyelid
gonioscopy Examination of the angle of the anterior chamber of the eye to determine ocular motility and rotation and diagnose and manage glaucoma.
iridectomy Excision of the iris
hyperopia Farsightedness
dacryorrhea Flow of tears
perilymph Fluid that very closely resembles spinal fluid but found in the cochlea
ear irrigation Flushing of the ear canal with water or saline to dislodge foreign bodies or impacted cerumen
cyclodialysis Formation of an opening between the anterior chamber and the suprachoroidal space for the draining of aqueous humor in glaucoma
otosclerosis Hardening of the spongy bone around the oval window of the ear , causing hearing loss
audition Hearing
nyctalopia Impaired vision in dim light; also called night blindless
presbyacusis Impairment of hearing resulting from old age; also called presbyacusia
radial keratotomy (RK) Incision of the cornea for treatment of nearsightedness or astigmatism
otitis externa Infection of the external auditory canal
conjunctivitis Inflammation of the conunctiva with vascular congestion, producing a red or pink eye and may be secondary to allergy or viral, bacterial, or fungal infections
eustachitis Inflammation of the eustachian tube
labyrinthitis Inflammation of the inner ear that usually results from an acute febrile process.
iritis Inflammation of the iris
otitis media Inflammation of the middle ear.
ophthalmic antibiotics Inhibit growth of microorganisms that infect the eye.
pressure-equalizing (PE) tube placement Insertion of tubes through the tympanic membrane, commonly used to treat chronic otitis media; also called tympanostomy tubes or ventilation tubes.
entropion Inversion or inward turning of the edge of the lower eyelid
tunic Layer or coat of tissue; also called membrane layer
amblyopia Lazy eye syndrome
photopigment Light-sensitive pigment in the retinal cones and rods that absorbs light and initiates the visual process; also called visual pigment.
hordeolum Localized, circumscribed, inflammatory swelling of one of the several sebaceous glands of the eyelid, generally caused by a bacterial infection; also called stye
wax emulsifiers Loosen and help remove impacted cerumen.
presbyopia Loss of accommodation of the crystalline lens associated with the aging process
anosmia Inability to smell
audiometry Measurement of hearing acuity at various sound wave frequencies.
ophthalmodynamometry Measurement of the blood pressure of the retinal vessels.
electronystagmography (ENG) Method of assessing and recording eye movements by measuring the electrical activity of the extraocular muscles
phacoemulsification Method of treating cataracts by using ultrasonic waves to disintegrate a cloudy lens, which is then aspirated and removed.
ciliary muscles Muscles which relax or contract to alter the shape of the lens, making it thicker or thinner, thus enabling the light rays to focus upon the retina.
mastoid process One of the temporal bones which encloses the sinuses
stapes One of the three bones of the middle ear; shaped like a stirrup
malleus One of the three bones of the middle ear; shaped like a hammer
incus One of the three bones of the middle ear; shaped like an anvil
semicircular canals One of the three structures of the inner ear; responsible for balance.
optometrist One who specializes in eye measurements.
cataracts Opacities on the lends or the capsule that encloses the lens, causing loss of vision.
extropia Outward turning of the eye(s).
ophthalmoplegia Paralysis of the eye.
visual acuity (VA) test Part of an eye examination that determines the smallest letters that can be read on a standardized chart at a distance of 20 feet.
tinnitus Perception of ringing, hissing, or other sounds in the ears or head when no external sound is present
lacrimal Pertaining to a tear
olfactory Pertaining to smell
cochlear implant insertion Placement of an artificial hearing device that produces hearing sensations by electrically stimulating nerves inside the inner ear; also called bionic ear
pneumatic otoscopy Procedure that assesses the ability of the tympanic membrane to move in response to a change in air pressure
blepharoptosis Prolapse of the eyelid.
otic analgesics Provide temporary relief of pain and inflammation associated with otic disorders
dacryocystography Radiographic imaging procedures of the nasolacrimal glands and ducts
tympanoplasty Reconstruction of the eardrum, commonly due to perforation; also called myringoplasty
evisceration Removal of the contents of the eye while leaving the sclera and the cornea intact
enucleation Removal of the eyeball from the orbit
vertigo Sensation of a spinning motion either of oneself or of the surroundings
labyrinth Series of intricate communicating passages
achromatopsia Severe congenital deficiency in colour perception; also called complete colour blindness
ear canal Slender tube lined with glands, through which sound waves travel to the middle ear
chalazion Small, hard tumour developing on the eyelid, somewhat similar to sebaceous cyst
cochlea Snail-shaped inner ear structure
ophthalmatic moisturizers Soothe dry eyes dut to environmental irritants and allergens
slit-lamp examination (SLE) Stereoscopic magnified view of the anterior eye structures in detail, which includes the cornea, lens, iris, sclera, and vitreous humor
opaque Substance or surface that neither transmits nor allows the passage of light
sclerostomy Surgical formation of an opening in the sclera
mastoid antrotomy Surgical opening of a cavity within the mastoid process.
keratocentesis Surgical puncture of the cornea
papilledema Swelling and hyperemia of the optic disc, usually associated with increased intracranial pressure; also called choked disc
gustation Taste
caloric stimulation test Test that uses different water temperatures to assess the vestibular portion of the nerve of the inner ear to determine if nerve damage is the cause of vertigo.
cornea The clear, transparent portion of the sclera, anterior to the lens
ossicles Three tiny articulating bones in the middle ear
hairs of Corti Tiny nerve endings within the cochlea which combine with cochlear fluid to generate nerve impulses to the brain via the auditory nerve
adnexa Tissues or structures in the body adjacent to or near a related structure
ear antiemetrics Treat and prevent nausea , vomiting, dizziness, and vertigo by reducing the sensitivity of the inner ear to motion or inhibiting stimuli from reaching the part of the brain that triggers nausea and vomiting
Weber tuning fork test Tuning fork test that evaluates bone conduction of sound in both ears at the same time.
Rinne tuning fork test Tuning fork test that evaluates bone conduction versus air conduction of sound
nystagmus Type of involuntary eye movements that appear jerky and may reduce vision or be associated with other, more serious conditions that limit vision
photophobia Unusual intolerance and sensitivity to light
intracapsular extraction Use of cold metal probe to remove cataracts
metamorphopsia Visual distortion of objects
otoscopy Visual examination of the external auditory canal and the tympanic membrane using an otoscope
ophthalmoscopy Visual examination of the interior of the eye using a hand-held instrument called an ophthalmoscope, which has various adjustable lenses for magnification and a light source to illuminate the interior of the eye
Created by: Cellyvision