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Vocab Unit 3

Vocab for Unit 3

TermDefinition
Cordillera An extensive chain of mountains or mountain ranges, especially in the Andes or the Rockies.
Altiplano the high tableland of central South America.
Escarpment A steep slope with a nearly flat plateau on top.
Llanos A large, grassy. treeless area in South America, used for grazing and farming.
Pampas A vast area of grassland and rich soil in South-central South America.
Gaucho a cowboy of the South American pampas.
Hydroelectric Power the term referring to electricity generated by hydropower
Estuary A broadened seaward end of a river, where the ricer's currents meet the ocean's tide.
indigenous originating or occurring naturally in a particular place; native.
Dialect a version of a language that reflects changes in speech patterns due to class, region, or cultural changes
NAFTA an agreement among the United States, Canada and Mexico designed to remove tariff barriers between the three countries.
Spanish Conquest The conquering of the Native Americans by the Spanish.
Mestizo A person of mixed French-Canadian and Native American ancestry.
Calypso A style of music that began in Trinidad and combines musical elements from Africa, Spain, and the Caribbean
Inca A member of Quechen peoples of South America who built a civilization in the Andes Mountains in the 15th and 16th centuries.
Carnival The most colorful feast day in Brazil
Capoeria A martial art and dance that developed in Brazil from Angolans who were taken there by the Portuguese from Africa.
Deforestation the clearing of trees, transforming a forest into cleared land.
Caudillo A military dictator or political boss.
Cerrado A savanna that has flat terrain and moderate rainfall, which make it suitable for farming.
Pull Factor A factor that draws or attracts people to another location
Tenochtitlan the capital of the Aztec empire: founded in 1325; destroyed by the Spaniards in 1521; now the site of Mexico City.
Cultural Hearth The heartland or place of origin of a major culture; a site of innovation from which basic ideas, materials, and technology diffuse to other cultures.
Reggae a style of popular music with a strongly accented subsidiary beat, originating in Jamaica.
Mercosur a sub-regional bloc. Its full members are Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Paraguay, Uruguay and Venezuela.
Samba a Brazilian dance with African influences.
Biodiversity the variety of life in the world or in a particular habitat or ecosystem.
oligarchy A government run by a few person or a small group
Junta A government run by a general after a military takeover.
Terraced Farming a piece of sloped plane that has been cut into a series of successively receding flat surfaces for the purposes of more effective farming.
Infrastructure the basic physical and organizational structures and facilities (e.g., buildings, roads, and power supplies) needed for the operation of a society or enterprise.
Institutional Revolutionary Party The political party introduced in 1929 in Mexico that helped to introduce democracy and maintain political stability for much of the 20th century.
United Provinces of Cen. Amer. The name of Central America after the region declared independence from Mexico in 1823.
Informal Economy activities and income that are partially or fully outside government regulation, taxation, and observation.
Treaty of tordesillas agreement between Spain and Portugal aimed at settling conflicts over lands newly discovered
Debt-for-nature-swap A debt-reducing deal. An organization pays off certain amount of government debt for exchange of protection on certain portion of the rain forest.
Land reform A naturally formed feature on the surface of the earth.
Slash and burn of, relating to, or denoting a method of agriculture in which existing vegetation is cut down and burned off before new seeds are sown
Maquiladora a factory in Mexico that assembles imported materials into finished goods for export.
Push Factor A factor that causes people to leave their homelands and migrate to another region
Quechua The language of Inca Empire, now Spoken in the Andes highlands.
Created by: ApolloVCB