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BBG CH 1-8

All necessary info for chapters 1-8

Ἀβραάμ, ὁ Abraham
ἄγγελος, -ή, -όν messenger, angel
ἀμήν verily, truly, amen, so let it be
ἄνθρωπος, -ου, ὁ man, mankind, person, people, humankind, human being
ἀπόστολος, -ου, ὁ apostle, envoy, messenger
Γαλιλαία, -ας, ἡ Galilee
γραφή, -η̑ς, ἡ writing, Scripture
Δαυίδ, ὁ David
δόξα, -ης, ἡ glory, majesty, fame
ἐγώ I
ἔσχατος, -η, -ον last
ζωή, -η̑ς, ἡ life
θεός, -ου̑, ὁ God, god
καί and, even, also, namely
καρδία, -ας, ἡ heart
κόσμος, -ου, ὁ world, universe, humankind
λόγος, -ου, ὁ word, Word, statement, message
Παῦλος, -ου, ὁ Paul
Πέτρος, -ου, ὁ Peter
Πιλᾶτος, -ου, ὁ Pilate
πνεῦμα, -ατος, τό spirit, Spirit, wind, breath, inner life
προφήτης, -ου, ὁ prophet
σάββατον, -ου, τό Sabbath, week
Σίμων, -ωνος, ὁ Simon
φωνή, -η̑ς, ἡ sound, noise, voice
Χριστός, -ου̑, ὁ Christ, Anointed One, Messiah
ἀγάπη, -ης, ἡ love
ἄλλος, -ή, -όν other, another
αὐτός, -ή, -ό he, she, it; him/her/itself; same
βασιλεία, -ας, ἡ kingdom
δέ but, and
ἐν : dative in, on, among
ἔργον, -ου, τό work, deed, action
ἐστίν he/she/it is
ἦν he/she/it was
καιρός, -ου̑, ὀ (appointed) time, season
νῦν adverb: now; verb: (the) present
ὁ, ἡ, τό the
ὅτι that, since, because
οὐ, οὐκ, οὐχ not
ὥρα, -ας, ἡ hour, moment, occasion
ἁμαρτία, -ας, ἡ sin
ἀρχή, -η̑ς, ἡ beginning, ruler
γάρ for, then
εἶ you are
εἶπεν he/she/it said
εἰς : into, in, among
εἰσι(ν) they are
ἐξουσία, -ας, ἡ authority, power
εὐαγγέλιον, -ου, τό good news, Gospel
Ἰησοῦς, -ου, ὁ Jesus, Joshua
κύριος, -ου, ὁ Lord, lord, master, sir
μή not, lest
οὐρανός, -ου̑, ὁ heaven, sky
οὗτος, αὕτη, του̑το singular: this; he, she, it; plural: these; they
σύ you (singular)
υἱός, -ου̑, ὁ son, descendant
ὥστε therefore, so that
ἀλλά but, yet, except
ἀπό - genitive (away) from
διά - genitive through
ἐκ, ἐξ - genitive from, out of
ἡμέρα, -ας, ἡ day
θάλασσα, -ης, ἡ sea
θάνατος, -ου, ὁ death
ἵνα in order that, that
Ἰωάννης, -ου, ὁ John
λέγω I say, speak
μετά - genitive with;
οἰκία, -ας, ἡ house, home
οἶκος, -ου, ὁ house, home
ὄχλος, -ου, ὁ crowd, multitude
παρά - genitive from
παραβολή, -η̑ς, ἡ parable
πρός - accusative to, towards, with
ὑπό - genitive by
διά - accusative on account of
μετά - accusative after
παρά - accusative alongside of
παρά - dative beside, in the presence of
ὑπό - accusative under
(Article) Masculine Nominative Singular
(Article) Masculine Accusative Singular τόν
(Article) Masculine Genitive Singular τοῦ
(Article) Masculine Dative Singular τῷ
(Article) Masculine Nominative Plural οί
(Article) Masculine Accusative Plural τούς
(Article) Masculine Genitive Plural τῶν
(Article) Masculine Dative Plural τοῖς
(Article) Neuter Nominative Singular τό
(Article) Neuter Accusative Singular τό
(Article) Neuter Genitive Singular τοῦ
(Article) Neuter Dative Singular τῷ
(Article) 1st Declension Feminine Nominative Singular
(Article) 1st Declension Feminine Accusative Singular τήν
(Article) 1st Declension Feminine Genitive Singular τῆς
(Article) 1st Declension Feminine Dative Singular τῇ
(Article) 1st Declension Feminine Nominative Plural αί
(Article) 1st Declension Feminine Accusative Plural τάς
(Article) 1st Declension Feminine Genitive Plural τῶν
(Article) 1st Declension Feminine Dative Plural ταῖς
(Article) Neuter Nominative Plural τά
(Article) Neuter Accusative Plural τά
(Article) Neuter Genitive Plural τῶν
(Article) Neuter Dative Plural τοῖς
(Case Ending) Masculine Nominative Singular ος
(Case Ending) Masculine Accusative Singular ον
(Case Ending) Masculine Genitive Singular ου
(Case Ending) Masculine Dative Singular
(Case Ending) Feminine Nominative Singular α η
(Case Ending) Feminine Accusative Singular αν ην
(Case Ending) Feminine Genitive Singular ας ης
(Case Ending) Feminine Dative Singular ᾳ ῃ
(Case Ending) Neuter Nominative Singular ον
(Case Ending) Neuter Accusative Singular ον
(Case Ending) Neuter Genitive Singular ου
(Case Ending) Neuter Dative Singular
(Case Ending) Masculine Nominative Plural οι
(Case Ending) Masculine Accusative Plural ους
(Case Ending) Masculine Genitive Plural ων
(Case Ending) Masculine Dative Plural οις
(Case Ending) Feminine Nominative Plural αι
(Case Ending) Feminine Accusative Plural ας
(Case Ending) Feminine Genitive Plural ων
(Case Ending) Feminine Dative Plural αις
(Case Ending) Neuter Nominative Plural α
(Case Ending) Neuter Accusative Plural α
(Case Ending) Neuter Genitive Plural ων
(Case Ending) Neuter Dative Plural οις
Noun Rule 1 The stem vowels of the 3 declensions are: alpha/eta (1st), omicron (2nd), and none (3rd)
Noun Rule 2 Neuter nominative & accusative forms are always identical
Noun Rule 3 All nominative & accusative neuter plural endings are alpha
Noun Rule 4 All neuter genitive & dative endings are the same as the masculine genitive & dative endings of the same declension
Noun Rule 5 The 1st & 2nd declension dative singular iota ending always goes subscript
Noun Rule 6 1st & 2nd declension stem vowels may lengthen
Key word(s) for the Genitive case "of"
Key word(s) for the Dative case "to", "in" , "with"
Dative Case function Indirect Object
Genitive Case Function Possessive
Accusative Case Function Direct Object
Nominative Case Function Subject
Greek vowels α,ε,η,ι,ο,υ,ω
letters that follow a ( γ ) and change its sound to an 'n' sound γ,κ,χ,ξ
Short vowels ε,ο
Long Vowels η,ω
Long/Short vowels α,ι
Greek Diphthongs αι,ει,οι,αυ,ου,υι,ευ/ηυ
Possessive Genitive Showing the ideas of ownership or possession.
Descriptive Genitive The word in the genitive case is being used as an adjective, describing an attribute or quality to the head noun.
Subjective Genitive The genitive substantive functions semantically as the subject of the verbal idea implicit in the head noun.
Objective Genitive The genitive substantive functions semantically as the direct object of the verbal idea implicit in the head noun.
Plenary Genitive Indicating both Subjective and Objective Genitives simultaneously
Genitive of Relationship This is a subset of the Possessive Genitive. It indicates familial relationship.
Partitive Genitive The genitive substantive (preceded by the article) can indicate the whole of which the head noun is a part.
Genitive of Apposition The word in the genitive case refers to the same thing as the word it modifies.
Dative Proper ("to") Indirect Object"to", Dative of interest "for", Reference/respect "to"
Dative Locative ("in","with") Sphere/realm"in", Time"on", Association"with"
Dative Instrumental ("by") Manner, Means/Instrument
εἰμί PAI, 1st, Sing - "I am, exist, live, am present"
εî PAI, 2nd, Sing - "You are"
ἐστί (ν) PAI, 3rd, Sing - "He/she/it is"
ἐσμέν PAI, 1st, Pl - "We are"
ἐστέ PAI, 2nd, Pl - "Y'all are"
εἰσί (ν) PAI, 3rd, Pl - "They are"
Created by: Iconoclastplay