Busy. Please wait.

Forgot Password?

Don't have an account?  Sign up 

show password


Make sure to remember your password. If you forget it there is no way for StudyStack to send you a reset link. You would need to create a new account.

By signing up, I agree to StudyStack's Terms of Service and Privacy Policy.

Already a StudyStack user? Log In

Reset Password
Enter the email address associated with your account, and we'll email you a link to reset your password.

Remove ads
Don't know (0)
Know (0)
remaining cards (0)
To flip the current card, click it or press the Spacebar key.  To move the current card to one of the three colored boxes, click on the box.  You may also press the UP ARROW key to move the card to the "Know" box, the DOWN ARROW key to move the card to the "Don't know" box, or the RIGHT ARROW key to move the card to the Remaining box.  You may also click on the card displayed in any of the three boxes to bring that card back to the center.

Pass complete!

"Know" box contains:
Time elapsed:
restart all cards

Embed Code - If you would like this activity on your web page, copy the script below and paste it into your web page.

  Normal Size     Small Size show me how

Medical Terminology

Prefix, Suffix, and Combining forms

a- without
ab- away from
abdomin/o abdomen
-ac, -al, -ar, -ary, -eal, -ic, -ous, -tic pertaining to
acous/o hearing
acr/o extremity or topmost
-acusis hearing condition
ad- to, toward, near
aden/o gland
adip/o fat
adren/o, adrenal/o adrenal gland
aer/o air, gas
albumin/o protein
-algia pain
alveol/o alveolus (air sac)
ambi- both
an- without
an/o anus
andr/o male
angi/o vessel
ankyl/o crooked or stiff
ante- before
anti- against, opposed to
aort/o aorta
appendic/o appendix
aque/o water
-arche beginning
arteri/o artery
arthr/o joint
articul/o joint
-ase enzyme
-asthenia weakness
ather/o fatty paste
-ation process
atri/o atrium
audi/o hearing
aur/i ear
bacteri/o bacteria
balan/o glans penis
bi- two, both
bil/i bile
-blast, blast/o germ or bud
blephar/o eyelid
brachi/o arm
brady- slow
bronch/o, bronchi/o bronchus (airway)
bronchiol/o bronchiole (little airway)
bucc/o cheek
capn/o, carb/o carbon dioxide
carcin/o cancer
cardi/o heart
cata- down
-cele pouching, hernia
celi/o abdomen
-centesis puncture for aspiration
cephal/o head
cerebell/o cerebellum (little brain)
cerebr/o cerebrum (largest part)
cerumin/o wax
cervic/o neck or cervix
cheil/o lip
chol/e bile
chondr/o cartilage (gristle)
chrom/o, chromat/o color
chyl/o juice
circum- around
col/o, colon/o colon
colp/o vagina (sheath)
con- together, with
conjunctiv/o conjunctiva (to join together)
contra- against or opposed to
corne/o cornea
coron/o circle or crown
cost/o rib
crani/o skull
crin/o to secrete
cutane/o skin
cyan/o blue
cyst/o bladder, sac
cyt/o cell
dacry/o tear
dactyl/o digit (fingers/toes)
de- from, down, or not
dent/i teeth
derm/o, dermat/o skin
-desis binding
dextr/o right or on the right side
dia- across, through
diaphor/o profuse sweating
dips/o thirst
dis- separate from or apart
doch/o duct
duoden/o duodenum
-dynia pain
dys- painful, difficult, faulty
-e noun
e-, ec-, ex- out or away
-ectasis expansion or dilation
ecto- outside
-ectomy excision, removal
-emesis vomiting
-emia blood condition
en- within
encephal/o entire brain
endo- within
enter/o small intestine
epi- upon
epididym/o epididymis
episi/o vulva (covering)
erythr/o red
esophag/o esophagus
esthesi/o sensation
eu- good, normal
exo-, extra- outside
fasci/o fascia (a band)
femor/o femur
fibr/o fiber
gangli/o ganglion (knot)
gastr/o stomach
-gen, gen/o, -genesis origin or production
gingiv/o gum
gli/o glue
glomerul/o glomerulus (small ball)
gloss/o tongue
glott/o opening
gluc/o, glyc/o sugar
gnos/o knowing
-gram record
-graph instrument for recording
-graphy process of recording
gynec/o woman
hem/o, hemat/o blood
hemi- half
hepat/o, hepatic/o liver
herni/o hernia
hidr/o sweat
hist/o, histi/o tissue
hormon/o hormone (an urging on)
hydr/o water
hyper- above, excessive
hypo- below or deficient
hypn/o sleep
hyster/o uterus
-ia, -ism condition of
-iasis formation of or presence of
-iatrics, -iatry treatment
-icle small
ile/o ileum
immun/o safe
infra- below or under
inguin/o groin
inter- between
intra- within
ir/o, irid/o iris (colored circle)
iso- equal or like
-ist one who specializes in
-itis inflammation
-ium structure or tissue
jejun/o jejunum (empty)
kerat/o hard or cornea
ket/o, keton/o ketone bodies
kinesi/o movement
kyph/o humped-back
lacrim/o tear
lact/o milk
lapar/o abdomen
laryng/o larynx (voice box)
lei/o smooth
-lepsy seizure
leuc/o, leuk/o white
lex/o word or phrase
lingu/o tongue
lip/o fat
lith/o stone
lob/o lobe (a portion)
-logist one who specializes in the study or treatment of
-logy study of
lord/o bent
lumb/o loin (lower back)
lymph/o clear fluid
-lysis breaking down or dissolution
macro- large, long
-malacia softening
mamm/o breast
-mania abnormal impulse (attraction toward)
mast/o breast
meat/o opening
-megaly enlargement
melan/o black
men/o menstruation
mening/o, meningi/o meninges (membrane)
meso- middle
meta- beyond, after, change
-meter instrument for measuring
metr/o uterus
-metry process of measuring
micro- small
mono- one
morph/o form
multi- many
muscul/o, my/o, myos/o muscle
myc/o fungus
myel/o bone marrow, spinal cord
myring/o eardrum
narc/o stupor or sleep
nas/o nose
nat/i birth
necr/o death
neo- new
nephr/o kidney
neur/o nerve
ocul/o eye
-oid resembling
-ole small
olig/o few or deficient
-oma tumor
onc/o tumor or mass
onych/o nail
oophor/o ovary
ophthalm/o, opt/o eye
-opia condition of vision
orch/o, orchi/o, orchid/o testis (testicle)
or/o mouth
orth/o straight, normal, correct
-osis condition or increase
oste/o bone
ot/o ear
ovari/o ovary
ov/i, ov/o egg
ox/o oxygen
pachy- thick
palat/o palate
pan- all
pancreat/o pancreas
para- alongside of or abnorma
-paresis slight paralysis
patell/o knee cap
path/o disease
pector/o chest
ped/o child or foot
pelv/i hip bone
-penia abnormal reduction
per- through or by
peri- around
perine/o perineum
peritone/o peritoneum
-pexy suspension or fixation
phac/o, phak/o lens (lentil)
phag/o eat or swallow
pharyng/o pharynx (throat)
phas/o speech
-phil, -philia attraction for
phleb/o vein
phob/o exaggerated fear or sensitivity
phon/o voice or sound
phor/o to carry or bear
phot/o light
phren/o diaphragm or mind
plas/o formation
-plasia formation
-plasty surgical repair or reconstruction
-plegia paralysis
pleur/o pleura
-pnea breathing
pneum/o, pneumon/o air or lung
pod/o foot
-poiesis formation
poly- many
post- after or behind
pre- before
presby/o old age
pro- before
proct/o anus and rectum
prostat/o prostate
psych/o mind
-ptosis falling or downward displacement
pulmon/o lung
purpur/o purple
py/o pus
pyel/o basin
pylor/o pylorus (gatekeeper)
quadri- four
radi/o radius or radiation (xray)
re- again or back
rect/o rectum
ren/o kidney
reticul/o a net
retin/o retina
retro- backward or behind
rhabd/o rod shaped or striated (skeletal)
rhin/o nose
-rrhage, -rrhagia to burst forth
-rrhaphy suture
-rrhea discharge
-rrhexis rupture
salping/o uterine (fallopian) tube or eustachian tube
sarc/o flesh
schiz/o split or division
scler/o hard or sclera
scoli/o twisted
-scope instrument for examination
-scopy process of examination
seb/o sebum (oil)
semi- half
sial/o saliva
sigmoid/o sigmoid colon
sinistr/o left or on the left side
sinus/o hollow cavity
somat/o body
somn/o, somn/i sleep
son/o sound
-spasm involuntary contraction
sperm/o, spermat/o sperm (seed)
sphygm/o pulse
spin/o spine (thorn)
spir/o breathing
splen/o spleen
spondyl/o vertebra
squam/o scale
-stasis stop or stand
steat/o fat
sten/o narrow
stere/o 3D or solid
stern/o sternum (breastbone)
steth/o chest
stomat/o mouth
-stomy creation of an opening
sub- below or under
super-, supra- above or excessive
sym-, syn- together or with
tachy- fast
tax/o order or coordination
ten/o, tend/o, tendin/o tendon (to stretch)
test/o testis (testicle)
thalam/o thalamus (a room)
thorac/o chest
thromb/o clot
thym/o thymus gland or mind
thyr/o, thyroid/o thyroid gland (shield)
toc/o labor
tom/o to cut
-tomy incision
ton/o tone or tension
tonsill/o tonsil
top/o place
tox/o, toxic/o poison
trache/o trachea (windpipe)
trans- across or through
tri- three
trich/o hair
-tripsy crushing
troph/o nourishment or development
tympan/o eardrum
-ula, -ule small
uln/o ulna
ultra- beyond or excessive
uni- one
ur/o urine
ureter/o ureter
urethr/o urethra
urin/o urine
uter/o uterus
uvul/o uvula
vagin/o vagina (sheath)
varic/o swollen or twisted vein
vas/o, vascul/o vessel
ven/o vein
ventricul/o ventricle (belly or pouch)
vertebr/o vertebra
vesic/o, vesicul/o bladder or sac
vitre/o glassy
vulv/o vulva (covering)
xanth/o yellow
xer/o dry
-y condition or process of
Created by: kfoley3