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Medical Terms

Introduction to medical terms with prefixes, suffixes, and bases.

a-, an- without, lack of
bi- twice, double, both, two
dors- to the back, back
endo- within, innermost
inter- between, among
intra- within, into, inside
para- near, beside, beyond, abnormal, lower half of the body
peri- surrounding
post- after, behind
sub- less, under, below
-algia pain
-ectomy surgical removal of
-itis inflammation, inflammation of
-gram tracing, picture, record
-megaly large, enlargened
-ology study of, science of
-ostomy surgically created opening
-otomy cutting into
-pathy disease, abnormal condition
-plasty surgical correction or repair
-rrhaphy suture of, sewing up of a gap or defect, stitching
-sclerosis dryness or hardness
-scope examining instrument
-stenosis contracted, narrow
angi/o vessel
arteri/o artery
cardi/o pertaining to the heart
col/o colon, bowel, large intestine
cost/o rib
leuk white
hemo/hemat blood
hepat/o liver
hyster/o uterus
latero side
mamm/o breast, mammary glands
myel/o bone marrow, spinal chord
my/o muscle
neur/o nerve, nervous system
plegia paralysis
trache/o trachea, windpipe
ABG's arterial blood gas
AC before meals
amb ambulate, walk
BP blood pressure
BS blood sugar, bowel sound, breath sound
CBC complete blood count
FBS fast blood sugar
pt patient
VS vital signs (TPR & BP)
Dx diagnosis
po by mouth
-al pertaining to
-urea urine
-pnea breathing
nephr/o of or relating to the kidney
rhin/o nose
crani/o skull
Created by: sydneyrs