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Semester 1 Terms

Terms from History

First Estate The Clergy
Third Estate Everybody else who wasn't in the Third Estate; Commoners
Bastille A stone prison had become a hated symbol of oppression to the Parisians
Napoleon was a French military and political leader who rose to prominence during the French Revolution and led several successful campaigns during the Revolutionary Wars.
Napoleonic Code Reflected some of the ideals of the Enlightenment and the Revolution.
Declaration of the Rights of Man Stated that the government belonged to the people as a whole
Women's march on Versailles On October 5, 1789, Parisian women rallied to protest the shortage of bread and the soaring food prices
Suffrage The right to vote
Reign of Terror A brutal program to silence critics of the government
Grand Army An Army made up of gathered troops from France and the conquered countries.
Hundred Days marked the period between Napoleon's return from exile on the island of Elba to Paris on 20 March 1815
Bourgeoisie (Second Estate) Consisted of merchants, bankers, lawyers, doctors, intellectuals and government bureaucrats.
Copernicus Created the heliocentric theory, meaning the sun was the center of the universe and the Earth and all the other planets revolve around the sun.
Bill of Rights the first ten amendments
Checks and Balances prevented any other branch from gaining too much power
Separation of Powers an act of vesting the legislative, executive, and judicial powers of government in separate bodies.
Stamp Act an act of the British Parliament in 1756 that exacted revenue from the American colonies by imposing a stamp duty on newspapers and legal and commercial documents.
Montesquieu Wrote the Spirit of the laws and urged separation of powers in the book
Rousseau Argued that arts and sciences corrupted people's natural goodness.
Locke Believed that a person was not born good or evil, rather they are shaped by their experiences
Hobbes Wrote the book Leviathan
Created by: Molly Baumhoff