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SCI-7 U3 Quiz 1

Vocabulary Words

Energy The ability to do work.
Potential Energy The stored energy that an object has due to its position or chemical make-up. Examples include gravitational, elastic, and chemical.
Kinetic Energy The energy associated with an object in motion. Examples include waterfalls, sound waves, wind, and a car traveling down the road.
Mechanical Energy The sum of kinetic and potential energy in an object that is used to do work. In other words, it is energy in an object due to its motion or position or both.
Heat Energy The energy that is the internal motion of particles of matter. The faster the particles move, the more of this energy is produced.
Chemical Energy The energy stored in the bonds between atoms. When the bonds are broken, energy is released. Examples include the energy stored in the bonds of fuel or food.
Electromagnetic Energy The energy associated with moving charges. Examples include x-rays, radio waves, light, lasers, and electricity.
Nuclear Energy This is the energy that exists in the nucleus of an atom. Energy is released when the nucleus splits to form simpler atoms and when lighter atoms fuse together to form a heavier atom.
Created by: susanmason