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geography

QuestionAnswer
MOMA Minerals(usually from rocks), Organic material(dead animals and plants), Moisture, Air
Soil Profile a cross section of soil dug from the top down
Layers humus, top soil, subsoil, parent material
Leaching rain washes needed minerals deep into the ground, wet climate
Calcification minerals are forced upward by water(opposite of leaching), too many minerals can be poisonous to plants, dry climate
3 vegetation regions Tundra, Forest, Grassland
Transition Zones the zone between two different areas of natural vegetation, the characteristics of one region gradually change, has both types of vegetation in it
Weather the combination of temperature, precipitation, cloud cover and winds experienced daily
Climate the weather conditions of a place averaged over a long period of time
Latitude as you move away from the equator the temperatures becomes lower
Ocean Currents temperature of an ocean current affects the temperature of the air that passes over it, Pacific Current is warm and warms the air above it, Labrador Current cold and cools the air above it, Gulf Stream Current is warm and warms the air above it
What is an air mass a large volume of air that takes on the moisture and temperature conditions of the area where it formed
air mass characteristics moisture, temperature
cT continental tropical-dry and warm air
cP continental polar-dry and cold air
cA continental arctic-dry and very cold air
mT maritime tropical-wet and warm air
mP maritime polar-wet and cold air
mA maritime arctic-wet and very cold air
how to find the temperature range highest temperature minus the lowest temperature
what temperature range means large range(higher than 25 degrees celsius)=Continental Climate small range(lower than 25 degrees celsius)=Maritime Climate
how to find the total annual precipitation add monthly precipitation totals
what total annual precipitation means lower than 1000mm=Continental Climate higher than 1000mm=Maritime Climate
how to find the seasonal distribution of precipitation Winter-add precipitation totals for Oct, Nov, Dec, Jan, Feb, Mar Summer-add precipitation totals for Apr, May, Jun, Jul, Aug, Sept
what seasonal distribution of precipitation means winter max=Maritime Climate summer max=Continental Climate
types of soils Tundra soils, Wet Climate Soils, Dry-Climate Soils, Complex Soils of Mountain Areas
winds and air masses Canada's weather systems move from west to east because of the JET STREAM
elevation(height) as elevation increases the air temperature decreases, the higher you go the colder it gets
Created by: syddj123