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SHS 500 Ch4 VocabRev

Glencoe Life Science Ch4 Review Cell Reproduction

a type of reproduction - fission, budding and regeneration - in which a new organism is produced from one parent and has DNA identical to the parent organism. asexual reproduction
Structure in a cell's nucleus that contains genetic material. chromosome
Cells whose chromosomes occur in pairs. diploid
Deoxyribonucleic Acid: The genetic material of all organisms; made up of two twisted strands of sugar-phosphate molecules and nitrogen base. DNA
haploid sex cell formed in the female reproductive organs. egg
in sexual reproduction the joining of a sperm and egg. fertilization
The section of DNA on a chromosome that contains instructions for making specific proteins. gene
Cell that has one of each type of chromosome. haploid
reproductive process that produces four haploid sex cells from one diploid cell and insures offspring will have the same number of chromosomes as the parent organisms. meiosis
Cell process in which the nucleus divides to form two nuclei identical to each other and identical to the orginal nucleus in a series of steps (prophase, metaphase, anaphase and telephase.) mitosis
Any permanent change in a gene or chromosome of a cell; may be benficial, harmful, or have little effect on an organism. mutation
Ribonucleic Acid; which carries codes for making proteins from the nucleus to the ribosomes. RNA
A type of reproduction in which two cells usually an egg and a sperm join to form a zygote which will develope into a new organism with a unique identity. sexual reproduction
Haploid sex cells formed in the male reproductive organs. sperm
New diploid cell formed when a sperm fertilizes an egg; will divide by mitosis and develop into a new organism. zygote
Created by: JadynLC