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Chabner Chpt 3

Pronunciation of Terms

Abdominocentesis Surgical puncture to remove fluid from the abdomen.
Achondroplasia Inherited disorder of cartilage formation in the fetus leading to dwarfism.
Acromegaly Excessive enlargement of the limbs (extremities) due to thickening of bones and soft tissues; caused by hypersecretion of growth hormone from the pituitary gland.
Acrophobia Fear of heights
Acute Having severe symptoms and a short course illness.
Adenoids Small masses of lymphatic tissue in the throat, close to the nasal (nose) passageway.
Adipose Pertaining to fat.
Agoraphobia Fear of open spaces; an anxiety disorder.
Amniocentesis Surgical puncture to remove fluid from the amnion sac surrounding the embryo and fetus.
Anemia Blood condition of reduced oxygen delivery to tissues because of low hemoglobin concentration or deficiency of red blood cells.
Angiogenesis Formation of blood vessels.
Angiography Process of recording blood vessels using contrast and x-rays.
Angioplasty Surgical repair of a blood vessel by inserting a catheter (tube) and balloon inside an artery to enlarge the opening.
Arteriole Small artery.
Arteriosclerosis Hardening of an artery by thickening and loss of elasticity of the arterial walls.
Arthralgia Joint pain.
Atrophy Decrease in size of normally developed organ or tissue of the body; wasting away.
Axillary Pertaining to the under arm or armpit.
Basophil A granular leukocyte with an irregularly shaped nucleus and cytoplasm containing blue granules.
Biopsy Removal and microscopic examination of living tissue, often to determine whether a tumor is benign or malignant.
Blepharoptosis Sagging or drooping eyelid.
Bronchitis Inflammation of bronchial tubes.
Carcinogenesis Formation or production of cancer.
Carcinogenic Pertaining to producing cancer.
Cardiomyopathy Disease of heart muscle.
Chemotherapy Treatment using drugs.
Chondromalacia Softening of cartilage.
Chronic Pertaining to a long time.
Colostomy New opening of the colon to the outside of the body.
Cystocele Hernia of the urinary bladder.
Electroencephalogram Record of the electricity in the brain.
Electrocephalograph An instrument used to record the electricity in the brain.
Electroencephalography Process of recording the electricity in the brain.
Eosinophil A granular white blood cell with cytoplasmic granules that stain with eosin (a reddish dye).
Erythrocyte Red blood cell.
Erythropenia Deficiency of red blood cells.
Esophagus Tube leading from the throat to the stomach.
Hematoma Mass or collection of blood; bruise.
Hemolysis Destruction of red blood cells.
Hemostasis To stop or control the escape of blood by artificial means or by clotting.
Hydronephrosis Abnormal condition of fluid build up in the kidney; caused by obstruction to the flow of urine.
Hydrotherapy Treatment using water; whirlpool baths.
Hypertrophy Increase in size of muscle or organ produced by enlargement of existing cells.
Inguinal Pertaining to the groin.
Ischemia Condition of holding back blood from an organ or tissue.
Laparoscope Instrument used to visually examine the abdomen.
Laparoscopy Process of visually examining the contents of the abdomen (using an endoscope).
Laparotomy Incision through the abdominal wall.
Laryngeal Pertaining to the larynx or voice box.
Laryngectomy Removal of the larynx or voice box.
Leukemia Malignant condition of white blood cells, increased numbers of immature leukocytes and decreased erythrocytes and platelet.
Leukocytosis Condition of slight increase in normal white blood cells or a response to infection or inflammation.
Lymphocyte White blood cell found in blood and lymphatic tissue; fights disease by making antibodies (B cells) or killing cells chemically or by injection (T cells.)
Mammogram X-ray record of the breast.
Mastectomy Removal of a breast.
Metastasis Spread of a malignant tumor from its original location to a new or distant organ.
Monocyte White blood cells with one large nucleus.
Morphology Study of the shape or form of cells.
Mucoid Resembling mucus.
Mucous membrane Epithelial membrane that secretes mucus and lines the tubular organs of the body.
Mucus Sticky substance that is secreted from a mucous membrane.
Myalgia Muscle pain.
Myelogram X-ray record of the spinal cord.
Myeloma Malignant tumor of bone marrow.
Myoma Tumor of muscle.
Myosarcoma Malignant tumor of muscle tissue, a type of flesh (sarc) tissue.
Necropsy Viewing a dead body; autopsy.
Necrosis Condition of death of cells.
Necrotic Pertaining to death of cells.
Nephrologist A specialist in the study of the kidney.
Nephropathy Disease of the kidney.
Nephroptosis Prolapse (downward displacement) of the kidney.
Neuralgia Nerve pain.
Neutropenia Deficiency of neutrophils (white blood cells that fight disease).
Neutrophil A type of white blood cell with cytoplasmic granules that stain with neutral dye.
Ophthalmology Study of the eye and eye disorders.
Osteogenic Pertaining to produced in or by bone.
Osteomalacia Softening of bones.
Otalgia Ear pain.
Paracentesis Surgical puncture to remove fluid from a cavity such as the abdomen.
Pathogenesis Development of disease.
Pathologic Pertaining to the study of disease.
Pericardium Membrane surrounding the heart.
Peritoneal Pertaining to the peritoneum (membrane surrounding the abdomen).
Peritoneoscopy Process of visually examining the peritoneum and pleuroperitoneal cavity.
Phlebotomy Incision of a vein for the removal of blood.
Platelet Thrombocyte.
Pleurodynia Pain associated with the pleura.
Pneumonia Condition of the lungs; fluid and foreign organisms collect in the lungs.
Polymorphonuclear leukocyte White blood cell with multi-lobe nucleus and dark-staining granules; disease fighting cells.
Ptosis Prolapse, drooping, sagging of the upper eyelid.
Pulmonary Pertaining to the lungs.
Radiographer One who assists a radiologist in performing diagnostic x-ray procedures.
Radiotherapy Treatment using radiation, high-energy x-rays, and other radiation sources.
Rectocele Hernia of the rectum.
Splenomegaly Enlargement of the spleen.
Staphylococci Berry or spherical shaped bacteria.
Streptococcus Berry or spherical shaped bacterium that forms twisted chains with other similar bacteria.
Thoracentesis Surgical puncture to remove fluid from the chest.
Thrombocytopenia Deficiency of thrombocytes (platelets of clotting cells).
Thrombophlebitis Inflammation of a vein associated with formation of a thrombus or clot.
Tonsillitis Inflammation of tonsils.
Tracheostomy A surgical created opening from the trachea (windpipe) to the outside of the body.
Tracheotomy New opening of the trachea to the outside of the body.
Venule A small vein.
Created by: HSchantz