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Sociology C6

Groups and Formal Organizations

Group at least two people who have one or more goals in common and share ways of thinking and behaving.
Social category people who share a social characteristic.
Social aggregate people temporarily in the same place at the same time.
Primary group people who are emotionally close, know one another well, and seek one another's company.
Primary relationship interaction that is intimate, personal, caring, and fulfilling.
Interaction meaningful contact
Secondary group people who share only part of their lives while focusing on a goal or task.
Secondary relationship impersonal interaction involving limited parts of personalities.
Reference group group used for self-evaluation and the formation of attitudes, values, beliefs, norms, and mores.
In-group exclusive group demanding extreme loyalty.
Out-group group targeted by an in-group for opposition, antagonism, or competition.
Initiation a ceremony marking entry into a group.
Social network a web of social relationships that join a person to other people and groups
Colleague associate; fellow worker.
Cooperation interaction in which individuals or groups combine their efforts to reach a goal.
Conflict interaction aimed at defeating an appointment.
Social exchange a voluntary action performed with the expectation of getting a reward in return.
Coercion interaction in which individuals or groups are forced to behave in particular way.
Conformity behavior that matches group expectations.
Uniformity consistency; without variation
Predictability when something can be foretold or predicted.
Groupthink self deceptive thinking that is based on conformity to group beliefs and created by group pressure to conform.
Corporation a large legal business group with its own duties, powers, and liabilities.
Formal organization a group deliberately created to achieve one or more long term goals.
Bureaucracy a formal organization based on a rationality and efficiency.
Power the ability to control the behavior of others.
Authority the legitimate or socially approved use of power.
Submit to yield or to surrender to the authority of another.
Rationalization a mind-set that emphasizes knowledge, reasoning, and planning.
Informal organization a group within a formal organization in which personal relationships are guided by norms, rituals, and sentiments that are not part of the formal organization.
Iron law of oligarchy the theory that power increasingly becomes contraindicated in the hands of few member of any organization.
Created by: ashbjj01