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AP HUMAN GEOGRAPHY -

Political Geography

QuestionAnswer
State an area organized into a political unit and ruled by an established government that has control over its internal and foreign affairs.
Sovereignty Independence from control of its internal affairs by other states.
City-state a sovereign state that comprises a town and the surrounding countryside.
Colony a territory that is legally tied to a sovereign state rather than being completely independent.
Colonialism The effort by one country to establish settlements and to impose its political, economic, and cultural principles on such territory.
Imperialism Control of a territory already occupied and organized by an indigenous society.
Boundary something that indicates bounds or limits
Compact state The distance from the center of the state to any boundary does not vary significantly.
Prorupted state A compact state with large projecting extensions.
Elongated State State with a long and narrow shape.
Fragmented State A state with several discontinuous pieces of territory.
Perforated State A state that completely surrounds another.
Landlocked state a State completely surrounded by several other countries. (Does not have a coastline)
Frontier A zone where no state exercises complete political control.
Gerrymandering The process of redrawing legislative boundaries for the purpose of benefiting the party in power.
Balance of power A condition of roughly equal strength between opposing alliances.
Unitary state places the most power in the hands of the central government officials.
Federal state allocates strong power to units of local government within the country.
Microstate States with very small land areas
physical boundary major physical features such as deserts, mountain ranges, and/or water bodies that serve as a means of separation, i.e., Great Lakes, Pyrenees Mountains, and Sahara Desert
geometric boundary straight lines that serve as political boundaries that are unrelated to physical and /or cultural differences
cultural political boundary political boundary that separates different cultures
United Nations The most important international organization created at the end of WW II whose purpose is the keep world peace.
Military Alliances Organizations of countries who agree to help each other militarily if attacked by another country. Examples - NATO, Warsaw Pact, OSCE.
Terrorism The systematic use of violence by a group in order to intimidate a population or coerce a government into granting its demands.
Created by: Wn St Wn St on 2009-02-08



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