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AQA Unit 4 and 6

Specificity Training that is particularly suited to a particular sports or activity
Progression Where training is increased gradually as the body adjusts to the increased demands being made on it
Plateauing Where progress seems to halt within a training programme and it takes some time to move on to the next level
Overload Making the body work harder than normal in order to improve it
Reversibility If training stops then the effects gained can be lost too
Tedium When training becomes dull, it can lead to poor performance, activities should stimulate interest
Lactic Acid A mild poison waste product of Anaerobic Respiration
Training Threshold The minimum heart rate to be achieved to ensure that fitness improves
Training Zone The range of a heart rate within which a specific training effect will take place
Stations Particular areas where types of exercises are set up or performed
Fitness Circuit Aimed at increasing general fitness through cardiovascular work and strength of muscles
Skills Circuit Aimed at developing specific skills for a specific activity
Continuous Training Training Method Defination: Exercising at a CONSTANT rate- NO REST
Fartlek Training Training Method Definition: Changes in Speed
Interval Training Training Method Definition: Fixed amount of exercise followed by a fixed amount of rest! WORK, REST, WORK, REST
Weight Training Training Method Definition: Involves a series of exercises where each one focuses on a specific muscle group in the body
Circuit Training Training Method Definition: Uses a variety of different exercises or activities that are commonly known as stations to work on different skills or increase general fitness
Warm up section First Phase of a training session
Fitness or exercise phase Second Phase of a training session
Game or skill phase Third Phase of a training session
Cool Down Fourth Phase of a training session
Maximum Heart Rate 220 - your age
Aerobic Fitness The ability to exercise for a LONG time at a level the body can cope with without becoming breathless
Anaerobic Fitness The ability to work at a high intensity for a short period of time
Oxygen Debt During anaerobic training the blood cannot deliver oxygen fast enough to the muscles- therefore they work without it - This is called?
Post Season Period of rest/active recovery/light aerobic work after the competition period (season).
Pre-Season Period leading up to competition which usually uses continuous/fartlek/interval training sessions to increase aerobic fitness
Peak Season Regular matches and playing season
Periodisation The different parts of a training programme
Peak At your very best – the best prepared period for you to be able to perform
Calories for men 2500
Calories for women 1800
Basal Metabolic Rate This is the minimum amount of energy needed to power the body at rest
Created by: mkgriffiths10