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Americas And Oceania

What is Mesoamerica? Mesoamerica is a region and cultural area in the Americas, extending approximately from central Mexico to Belize, Guatemala, El Salvador, Honduras, Nicaragua, and northern Costa Rica.
What is a civilization? the stage of human social development and organization that is considered most advanced.
Mother Culture??? A mother culture is a term for an earlier people's culture that has great and widespread influence on some later cultures and people. Though the original culture may fade, the mother culture's influence grows for ages in the future.
Define Glyph... a hieroglyphic character or symbol; a pictograph.
Who or what is an archaeologist? Archaeology is the study of the ancient and recent human past through material remains. It is a sub field of anthropology, the study of all human culture.
Define Chinampas... a method of Mesoamerican agriculture which used small, rectangular areas of fertile arable land to grow crops on the shallow lake beds in the Valley of Mexico.
Define Causeways... a raised road or track across low or wet ground.
Define Conquistador... a conqueror, especially one of the Spanish conquerors of Mexico and Peru in the 16th century.
what did the Olmec make their large heads out of...? Basalt; a type of volcanic rock.
what did the heads represent? NO ONE KNOWS?!?!?!
Forms of Olmec technology... Glyphs, Astronomy, and Calendars.
who was their main god? the jaguar god... rawr
what did the jaguar god bring the Olmec societies. He brought them... RAIN.
what were pyramids most likely used for in the center of their cities? Religious reasons.
when did the Mayan civilizations exist? from 400 BC to about 900 CE(AD)
what number did the Mayans create? 0
what did the number zero help them do? it helped make the Mayan calendar more accurate.
what gods did the Mayans worship? Some of their gods were the god of Rain, god of Maize, and the god of Sun.
what did they believe would happen if they didn't have the gods? they believed that without them the crops would die and everyone would starve.
2 of the largest cities were... Tikal and Copan
where was Tikal located guatemala
where was copan located honduras
what is considered a political act? BLOODLETTING
What did the Olmecs Trade Jade and Obsidian
when did the maya society decline? Around 800CE
what is popol vuh? a corpus of mytho-historical narratives of the Post Classic K'iche' kingdom in Guatemala's western highlands.
the mayans created a ball game... do you know the consecuences for the loosing team? the result of loss is death (glad that game doesnt still exist)...
what is the rubber ball called in their ball games Ulama
Early Agriculture in South America Grew and ate beans, peanuts, and sweet potatoes, also ate seafood, and grew cotton for textiles and fishnets
When did humans start migrating to North America? Circa 13,000 B.C.E
When did agriculture start emerging in Mesoamerica? Circa 8000-7000 B.C.E
When was Maize first cultivated? Circa 4000 B.C.E
When was agriculture used in South America? Circa 3000 B.C.E
When did the Olmec society emerge and end? Circa 1200-100 B.C.E
When was the Chavin cult around? Circa 1000-300 B.C.E
When did the Teotihuacan society emerge and end? Circa 200 B.C.E- 750 C.E
When did the Mayan society emerge and end? Circa 300-1100 C.E
When did the Mochica society emerge and end? Circa 300-700 C.E
When did humans start to migrate to modern day Australia? Circa 60,000 B.C.E
When did agriculture emerge in these areas? Circa 3000 B.C.E
When did the Autronesians start migrating to New Guinea Circa 3000 B.C.E
When did the Lapita society start and end? Circa 1500-500 B.C.E
When did the migrations to the Pacific Islands commence and end? Circa 1500 B.C.E-700 C.E
How did Olmecan rulers show power? By building huge pyramids in their name
What evidence of religion do we have for the Olmecs? Ceremonial centers built before the second millennium
What does this tell us of their possible governmental organization? Heavily based on religion (Theology)
What area did the Olmecs emerge in? The Gulf of Mexico
What happened when the decline of the Olmecs begun? During their decline, their ceremonial centers were systematically destroyed by 400 B.C.E
What influences did the Olmecs leave for future societies? Maize, ceremonial centers, calendar, human sacrifice, ball game
Where did the Mayans reside? In the highlands of modern day Guatemala
What social stratification did the mayans use? Priests were main, warriors had prestige, and captives of warfare where slaves
What happened for the Mayans to decline? The mayans started leaving their cities
Created by: jeremiah3202