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Geography Sem 2 yr 9

Revision for examinations

TermDefinition
anglo-celtic person whose origin is in the British Isles
census the counting of a population, along with details on age, sex, jobs and other relevant information
crude birth rate: the number of live births per 1000 population
crude death rate: the number of deaths per 1000 population
demography: the study of populations, including patterns and trends in population data
emigration: the movement of people out of a country
ethnically diverse: describes a population composed of people from different ethnic backgrounds or origins
fertility rate: the average number of babies born to women during their reproductive years
immigration: the movement of people into a country
Indigenous people: the descendants of the original inhabitants of an area
infant mortality rate: the number of deaths per 1000 babies under one year of age
interstate migration: the movement of people from one state of Australia to another
intrastate migration: the movement of people from one location to another within a state of Australia
migration: the permanent or semi-permanent movement of people from one location to another
natural increase: the excess of births over deaths, usually expressed as a percentage
net overseas migration: the number of people migrating to a country minus the number of people emigrating to live in other countries; it is expressed as a percentage of the total population
population density: the number of people living in a given area, usually a square kilometre
population pyramid: set of bar graphs that show the age and sex distribution of a population
referendum: a process through which change can be made to the Constitution, in which electors vote on a particular change
refugee: a person who, owing to religious persecution or political troubles, seeks shelter or protection in a foreign country
replacement rate: a total fertility rate of 2.1. When a population reaches this level, it will remain stable (assuming no immigration or emigration takes place).
rural settlement: site where most of the people are engaged in primary industry, such as farming, fishing or mining
settlement: a group of people living in one place or location
standard of living: the amount of goods and services, mainly food, clothing, housing, education and health, that is available for use in the community per head of population
sustainable development: development that meets the needs of the present population without endangering the ability of future generations to meet their own needs
urban settlement: site where most of the population is engaged in tertiary industries, such as commerce, administration and transport
Created by: julie.greacen