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FPSP Packet #2

FPSP 2015-2016 Packet #2: Disappearing Languages

accent a distinctive mode of pronunciation of a language, especially one associated with a particular nation or geographic region
illiteracy the inability to read or write
immersion a method of teaching a foreign language by the exclusive use of that language, usually at a special school
awakening language a language with no fluent native speakers that is engaged in language revitalization efforts with the express goal of creating fluent speakers in the future
indigenous originating or occurring naturally in a particular place; also known as native or aboriginal
language family a term used by linguists to identify a group of languages descended from a single common language
bilingual fluent in two languages
language revitalization the attempt by interested parties to halt or reverse the decline of a language or to revive an extinct one; also known
critically endangered a level of language endangerment in which the youngest speakers of the language are grandparents and older generations who speak the language only partially and infrequently
language shift the process in which a language’s speech community transitions to speaking another language
definitely endangered a level of language endangerment in which children no longer learn the language as mother tongue in the home
lexicon a list of words, usually with definitions or translations, such as those in a dictionary
linguist a person who studies language and its structure
descriptive grammar a set of rules outlining a language as it is spoken without noting correct or incorrect usage
dialect a particular variety of a language that is specific to a region or social group; also known as vernacular
linguistics the scientific study of language and its structure, including the study of morphology, syntax, phonetics, and semantics
migrant a person who moves from one place to another, especially to find work
dormant language a language that is thought to have no current fluent speakers
monolingual someone fluent in a single language
morphology the branch of linguistics focused on the study of the forms of words, including how words are built using prefixes and suffixes
fluent able to speak or write a particular foreign language easily and accurately
grammar the system and structure of language as a whole or of a specific language
mother tongue the language a person learns as a child at home; also known as first language or native language
United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) a specialized agency that promotes peace and security through international collaboration in education, science, and culture and that publishes the Atlas of the World’s Languages in Danger
national language a language spoken in all geographic areas of a country, but one that is not necessarily the official language or the language most commonly spoken in the nation
vocal tract the area stretching from the larynx through the mouth and nose that is used to filter sound
phonetics the branch of linguistics concerned with the study and classification of speech sounds
vulnerable a level of language endangerment in which most children speak the language but speech may be restricted to certain domains, such as the home or school
prescriptive grammar a set of rules that outlines a language as it should be used and establishes norms of correct and incorrect usage
second language a language learned by a person after his or her native language, especially as a resident of an area where the second language is in general use
writing system a set of symbols used to represent statements expressed in language such as alphabets, syllabaries, and raised notation systems
semantics the study of meaning in language
severely endangered a level of language endangerment in which the language is spoken by grandparents and older generations; the parent generation may understand it, but do not speak it to children or among themselves
sociolinguistic the study of language in its social context which includes the study of dialects, the way people speak in different social contexts, and attitudes toward languages and dialects
speech community a group of people who share a set of norms and expectations regarding the use of language
syntax the branch of linguistics dedicated to the study of sentence structure and the rules that govern how words are combined to make grammatically correct sentences
translate to express the sense of words or text in another language
Created by: jennifertomak