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Social Studies Unit2

Judaism Thus major religion tat began in Southeast Asia. The Old Testament including the Torah is the main holy book of the religion. Important figures of the religion include Abraham and Moses. it is the oldest of the three religions practiced in Europe.
Christianity This major religion of Europe is a monotheistic religion of Europe is a monotheistic religion that began i Southeast Asia. The people of this religion read both the Old and New testaments. Jesus is the central figure in this religion. Durin the Middle Age
Islam This major religion of the Europe is a monotheistic religion that began in Southeast Asia. The people of this religion read the Koran (Quran). Its main figure is the prophet Muhammad. They also believe in the Five Pillars of Faith.
Monotheistic The belief in one god.
Abraham Father of Christianity, Judaism, and Islam.
Silk Road The name of the dangerous land trade route from Europe to Asia.
Prince Henry This monarch of Portugal who created a school of navigation, built ships called caravels, and paid for several voyages around Africa to find a new route to Asia.
Columbus This explorer sailed for King Ferdinand and Queen Isabella of Spain. He sailed west hoping to find a trade route to Asia. He rediscovered the Americas (Cuba, the Bahamas, and South America).
Portugal This country sent explorers around the tip of Africa to establish new trade routes to Asia as well as colonize Brazil.
Spain This country sent conquistadors like Cortes and Pizarro to the Central and South America for gold, God, and glory(sent Catholic missionaries).
France This country sent explorers lie Samuel de Champlain and Jacques Carter to claim land and for furs.
United Kingdom This country sent explorers like Henry Hudson to North America.
Colonization Taking over lands and creating permanent settlements on them. (North and South America)
Industrial Revolution The time in European history when goods began being made by machines. The need for more raw materials let to imperialism.
The Age of Imperialism The time period in European history when Europe began colonizing Asia and Africa.
Militarism Building up huge armies to protect an empire
Nationalism Extreme pride in one's country
Alliances Agreements made between countries for protection
Untied Kingdom This country had the largest empire in Europe at one time with colonies in North America, South America, Asia, Africa, and Australia.
Archduke Ferdinand This man was assassinated by Serbian nationalists beginning World War I.
Allied Powers This alliance was made up of the USA, Great Britain, and France won WWI
Central Powers This alliance was made up of the Ottoman Empire, Germany, and Austria-Hungary lost WWI
Czar Nicholas II This man was the last czar of Russia. The people of Russia disliked him because he mistreated the poor, refused to withdraw Russia troops from WWI, and because he sot down workers on Bloody Sunday.
Bolsheviks (Red Army) This group of people overthrew the provisional government after the Czar left his throne. They defeated the White Army and established a communist government. They were also called the Red Army.
Vladimir Lenin this man was the first dictator of the Soviet Union. He brought communism to Russia.
Treaty of Versailles This treaty that ended WWI and caused a severe economic depression in Germany.
Economic Depression Time period in German history wen its economy collapsed causing the prices to be inflated. It made the German money useless.
Nazism (Fascism) A form of fascism or extreme nationalistic government that resulted in its dictatorship.
Adolf Hitler Nazi leader of Germany during WWI. He invaded Poland beginning the war and was responsible for the Holocaust.
Holocaust The mass murder of six million Jews.
Allies The alliance made of Great Britain, France, Soviet Union, and the USA that won WWII
Axis The alliance made up of Germany, Italy, and Japan that lose WWII.
Berlin Wall This was built to separate East and West Berlin after WWII. The east side was communist, The west side was democratic.
Soviet Union After WWII this nation was controlled Eastern Europe, East Germany, and East Berlin.
Cold War A time period in history from 1945-1990 when the US and Soviet Union threatened each other with nuclear war. They never actually used these weapons.
Reunification This is when East and West Germany become a unified country again.
USA and Soviet Union These two nations became the world superpowers after WWII
Communism A type of government where the government controls all the land for the benefit of its people.
Created by: AriadnaBolano33