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NAFLD and metabolic syndrome are___ for ___ independent risk factors for CVD
NAFLD non alcoholic fatty liver disease; associated w/ insulin resistance, increased TG, reduced HDL-c
Cardiac ct scan calcification of hard atherosclerotic plaque shows up white
Echocardiography ultrasound procedure for detecting cardiac valve disorders of heart enlargement
Most blockages occur in which artery? LAD; left anterior descending artery
CIT carotid intimal thickening; thickening of carotid arteries in neck 98% predictive for CAD
Angina chest pain from ischemia
Stable angina caused by cold temp, exercise, anxiety, or anything that increases cardiac oxygen requirements
Unstable angina occurs at rest in absence of precipitating factors (high risk of MI)
two types of drugs that decrease cardiac O2 demand Ca channel blockers, beta1 adrenergic receptors
Grapefruit juice statins inhibits Cyp3A4 which catabolize statins, so they build up
Cholestyramine bile acid sequestrant (to inhibit cholesterol absorption), tastes bad, abdominal pain, fat soluble vitamin deficiencies
Lovaza 1000mg EPA capsule 4x/day to help lower TG
Niacin liver damage, flushing, itching, tingling
CABG coronary artery bypass graft, transplant from femoral vein or internal mammary artery (arteries preferred)
Physical activity guidelines 40 mins most days (3-4 times per week)
Why DASH? decreases plasma insulin, glucose, renin
AHA added sugar <100 kcal/day women, <140 kcal/day men
Phytosterol/stanol enriched foods interfere w/ solubilization of mixed micelles in GI, higher expression of ABC transporter (both decrease absorption of cholesterol)
PVCs premature ventricular contractions (usually asymptomatic)
Vtach may be related to low serum K+
Increase CHF pumping ability dopamine, beta blockers, diuretics (furosemide K+ losing, hydrochlorothiazide K+ sparing)
Created by: melaniebeale