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life science

Trait in heredity A genetically determined characteristic.
Purebred an animal bred from parents of the same breed or variety.
Hybrid half
Offspring the product of the reproductive process of an animal. A child
Gene in the cells
Alleles one of two or more alternative forms of a gene that arise by mutation and are found at the same place on a chromosome.
Dominant More in charge
Recessive a recessive trait or gene.
Phenotype the set of observable characteristics of an individual resulting from the interaction of its genotype with the environment.
Genotype allele combinations
Homozygous If you're homozygous, you've got a pair of matching alleles,
Heterozygous Both alleles for a trait are the same in an individual.
Codominance is a relationship between two versions of a gene.
Meiosis another term for litoris.
Haploid cell A cell that is the result of meiosis and has half the number of chromosomes as the original cell.
Diploid cells A cell that is the result of mitosis and has the same number of chromosomes as the original cell.
Mutations the action or process of mutating.
Insertion a thing that is inserted,
Deletion the action or process of deleting something.
Substitution the action of replacing someone or something with another person or thing.
Sex-linked gene A gene located on a sex chromosome,
Carrier a person or thing that carries, holds, or conveys something.
Sex chromosome a chromosome involved with determining the sex of an organism, typically one of two kinds.
Genetic disorder A disease or condition caused by an absent or defective gene
Pedigree the record of descent of an animal
Selective breeding
Inbreeding breed from closely related people or animals
Hybridization Hybridization is the process of combining two complementary single-stranded DNA
Clone propagate (an organism or cell) as a clone.
Genetic Engineering the deliberate modification of the characteristics of an organism by manipulating its genetic material.
Gene therapy the transplantation of normal genes into cells in place of missing or defective ones in order to correct genetic disorders.
Heredity the passing on of physical traits
Created by: M.W