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sociology C4

Chapter 4 Socialization

transmission the act or process of conveying information from one person to another
isolation the condition if being set apart from others
socialization the process of learning to participate in a group
distort to twist out of the true meaning
anticipate to expect or predict
self-concept an image of yourself as having an identity separate from other people
looking-glass self an image of yourself based on what you believe others think of you
significant others Those people whose reactions are most important to your self-concept
role taking assuming the viewpoint of another person and using that view point to shape the self-concept
imitation stage Mead's first stage in the development of role taking; children begin to imitate behaviors without understanding why
play stage Mead's second stage in development of role taking; children act in ways they imagine other people would
game stage Mead's third stage in development of role taking; children anticipate the actions of others based on social rules
generalized other integrated conception of the norms, values, and beliefs of one's community or society
"me" the part of the self formed through socialization
"I" the part of the self that accounts for unlearned, spontaneous acts
objective based on facts; not distorted by personal feelings
exhibit to show or display
hidden curriculum the informal and unofficial aspects of culture that children are taught in school
peer group set of individuals of roughly the same age and interest
mass media means of communication designed to reach the general population
reorientation a change in attitudes and beliefs
terminal leading ultimately to death
life cycle the stages of development individuals pass through between birth and death
adolescence the stages of development between childhood and adulthood
transitional adulthood a period after high school when young adults have not yet assumed the responsibilities usually associated with adulthood
rites of passage rituals marking the passage from one status to another
unique like no other; distinct
voluntary done by free choice
total institutions places in which people are separated from the rest of society and controlled by officials in charge
desocializtion the process of giving up old norms, values, attitudes, and behaviors
resocializtion the process of adopting new norms, values, attitudes, and behaviors
anticipatory socializtion the voluntary process of preparing to accept new norms, values, attitudes,and behaviors
reference group group whose norms and values are used to guide behavior; group with whom you identify
Created by: ashbjj01