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med term ch5

Integumentary system

Abrasion A scraping or rubbing away of skin or mucous membrane as a result of friction to the area.
Abscess A localized collection of pus in any part of the body.
Albino An individual with a marked deficiency of pigment in the eyes, hair, and skin.
Alopecia Partial or complete loss of hair. Alopecia may result from normal aging, a reaction to a medication such as anticancer medications, an endocrine disorder, or some skin disease.
Amputation The surgical removal of a part of the body or a limb or a part of a limb; performed to treat recurrent infections or gangrene of a limb.
Basal layer The deepest of the five layers of the epidermis.
Blackhead An open comedo, caused by accumulation of keratin and sebum within the opening of a hair follicle.
Blister A small thin- snakeskin lesion containing clear fluid ; a vesicle.
Boil Localized pus-producing infection originating deep in a hair follicle; a furuncle.
Bruise A bluish- black discoloration of an area of the skin or mucous membrane caused by an escape of blood into the tissues as a result of an injury to the area. See ecchymosis
Bulla A large blister
Carbuncle A circumscribed inflammation of the skin and deeper tissues that contains pus, which eventually discharges to the skin surface .
Cellulitis A diffuse acute infection of the skin and subcutaneous tissue, characterized by localized heat, deep redness, pain, and swelling.
Cerumen Ear wax
Ceruminous gland A modified sweat gland that lubricates the skin of the ear canal with a yellowish brown waxy substance called cerumen(ear wax)
Cicatrix A scar; the pale firm tissue that forms in the healing of a wound.
Circumscribed Confined to a limited space or well-defined area (as if a circle were drawn around it )
Collagen The protein substance that forms the glistening inelastic fibers of connective tissue such as tendons, ligaments. And fascia.
Comedo The typical lesion of acne vlgaris caused by accumulation of keratin and sebum within the opening of a hair follicle(closed comedo= whitehead, open comedo=blackhead).
Contusion An injury to a part of the body without a break in the skin.
Corium The dermis, the layer of the skin just under the epidermis .
Cryosurgery A noninvasive treatment that uses sub freezing temperature to freeze and destroy the tissue. Coolants such as liquid nitrogen are used in the metal probe .
Curettage The process of scraping material from the wall of a cavity or other surface for the purpose of removing abnormal tissue or wanted material.
Cutaneous membrane The skin. See integument
Cuticle A fold of skin that covers the root of the fingernail or toenail.
A condition of a bluish discoloration of the skin.
Cyst A closed sac or pouch in or within the skin that contains fluid , semifuid, solid material.
Debridement Removal of debris, foreign objects, and damaged or necrotic tissue from a wound in order to prevent infection and promote healing .
Dermatitis Dermat/o = skin -itis= inflammation Inflammation of the skin
Dermatologist Dermat= skin -logist= specialist in the study of A physician who specializes in yhe treatment of diseases and disorders of the skin.
Dermatology Dermat/o = skin -logy = the study of The study of the skin
Dermis Derm/o= skin -is = noun ending The layer of skin immediately beneath the epidermis; the corium.
Diaphoresis The secretion of sweat.
Ecchymosis A bluish black discoloration of an area of the skin or mucous membrane caused by an escape of blood into the tissues as a result of injury to the area.; also known as a bruise or a black and blue mark.
Electrodesiccation A technique that uses an electrical spark to burn and destroy tissue; used primarily for the removal of surface lesions .
Epidermis Epi= upon, over Derm/o= skin -is= noun ending The outermost layer of skin.
Epidermoid cyst Epi= upon , over Derm/o= skin -oid= resembling A cyst composed of cheesy material composed of sebum and epithelial debri that has formed in the duct
Epithelium The tissue that covers the internal and external surfaces of the body .
Erythema Rednesss of the skin due to capillary dilatation. An example of erythema is nervous blushing or a mild sunburn.
Erythremia Erythr/o= red -emia= blood condition A normal increase in the number of red blood cells; polycythemia vera.
Erythroderma Erythr/o = red -emia= blood condition See erythema.
Excoriation An injury to the surface of the skin caused by trauma, such as scratching or abrasions.
Exfoliation Peeling or sloughing off of tissue cells, as in peeling if the skin after a severe sunburn.
Fissure A crack like sore or groove in the skin or mucous membrane.
Fistula An abnormal passageway between two tubular organs (e.g., rectum and vagina) or from an organ to the body surface.
Furuncle A localized pus-producing infection originating deep in a hair follicle ; a boil.
Gangrene Death of tissue, most oftwn involving the extremeties.
Hair follicle The tiny tube within the dermis that contains the root of a hair shaft.
Hair root The portion of a strand of hair that is embedded in the hair follicle.
Hair shaft The visible part of the hair.
Hemangioma Hem/o= blood Angi/o= vessel -oma=tumor A benign (nonmalignant) tumor that consists of a mass of blood vessels and has a reddish-purple color.
Heparin A natural anticoagulant substance produced by the body tissues; heparin is also produced in laboratories for therapeutic use as heparin sodium.
Hirsutism Excessive body hair in an adult male distribution pattern, occurring in women.
Histamine A substance (found in all cells) that is released in allergic inflammatory reactions.
Histiocyte Histi/o= tissue -cyte= cell Macrophage; a large phagocytic cell (cell that ingests microorganisms, other cells, and foreign particles) occurring in the walls of blood vessels and loose connective tissue.
Hives Circumscribed, slightly elevated lesions of the skin that are paler in the center than it's surrounding edges. See wheal.
Hydrocele Hydro/o=water -cele= swelling or herniation A collection of fluid located in the area of the scrotal sac in the male.
Ichthyosis Ichthy/o= fishlike or scaly -osis=condition An inherited dermatological condition in which the skin is dry,hyperkeratotic(hardened), and fissured-resembling fish scales.
Integument The skin, see cutaneous membrane.
Integumentary system The body system consisting of the skin, hair, nails, sweat glands and sebaceous glands.
Keratin A hard fibrous protein found in the epidermis, hair, nails, enamel of the teeth, and horns of animals.
Keratolytic Kerat/o= hard,horny(cornea of eye) -lytic= destruction An agent used to break down or loosen the hard or horny(hardened) layer of the skin.
Laceration A tear in the skin.
Lanugo Soft, very fine hair that cover the body of a developing fetus; this hairy coating is almost completely gone by birth.
Lesion Any visible damage to the tissues of the skin, such as a wound, sore, rash, or boil.
Lipocyte Lip/o=fat -cyte= cell A fat cell.
Lanula The cresent-shaped pale area at the base of the fingernail or toenail
Macrophage Macr/o=large Phag/o= to eat -e= noun ending A large phagocytic cell (cell that ingests microorganisms, other cells,and foreign particles) occurring in the walls of blood vessels and loose connective tissue; see histiocyte.
Macule A small, flat discoloration of the skin that is neither raised nor depressed.
Mast cell A cell (found within the connective tissue) that contains heparin and histamine; these substances are released from the mast cell in response to injury and infection.
Melanin Melan/o=black A black or darkened pigment (produced by melanocytes within the epidermis) that contributes color to the skin and helps to filter ultraviolet light.
Melanocytes Melan/o= black -cyte =cell Cells responsible for producing melanin.
Nail body The visible part of the nail.
Nodule A small circumscribed swelling protruding above the skin.
Oil gland Small gland located in the dermis.
Onycholysis Onych/o= nail -lysis=destruction or detachment Separation of a fingernail from its bed, beginning at the free margin.
Onychomycosis Onych/o=nail Myco/o=fungus -osis=condition A fungal infection of the nails.
Onychophagia Onych/o= nail -phagia= to eat The habit of biting the nails.
Pachyderma Pachy=thick Derm/o=skin -a=noun ending Abnormal thickening of the skin.
Papule A small, solid, circumscribed elevation on the skin.
Paronychia Par/o=beside, beyond, near Onych/o=nail -ia=condition Inflammation of the fold of skin surrounding the fingernail; also called runaround.
Pediculosis Infestation with lice.
Perspiration The clear, watery fluid produced by the sweat glands.
Petechia Small pinpoint hemorrhages of the skin.
Pimple A papule or pustule of the skin.
Polyp A small stalklike growth that protrudes upwards or outward from a mucous membrane surface, resembling a mushroom stalk.
Pores Openings of the skin through which substances such as water, salts, and some fatty substances are excreted.
Pressure ulcer An inflammation, sore, or ulcer in the skin over a bony prominence of the body, resulting from loss of blood supply and oxygen to the area due to prolonged pressure on the body part.
Pruritis Itching
Purpura A group of bleeding disorders characterized by bleeding into the skin and mucous membranes
Pustule A small elevation of the skin filled with pus.
Sebaceous cyst A cyst filled with a cheesy material condition of sebum and epithelial debris that has formed in the duct of a sebaceous gland.(epermoid cyst)
Sebaceous gland An oil gland located in the dermis
Seborrhea Seb/o= sebum -rrhe=flow or drainage Excessive secretion of sebum, resulting in excessive oiliness or dry scales.
Sebum Seb/o=sebum -um=noun ending The oily secretions of the sebaceous glands.
Skin tags A small brownish or flesh-colored outgrowth of skin occurring frequently on the neck (cutaneous papilloma).
Squamous epithelial cells Flat scalelike cells arranged in layers (strata).
Squamous epithelium The single layer of flattened ladylike cells that cover internal and external body surfaces.
Stratified Layered
Stratum A uniformly thick sheet or layer of cells.
Stratum basale The layer of skin where new cells are continually being reproduced, pushing older cells toward the outermost surface of the skin.
Stratum corneum The outermost layer of the epidermis, which continually slough's off or flakes away.
Stretch marks Linear tears in the dermis that result from overstretching from rapid growth.
Subcutaneous tissue Sub-= beneath, under, below Cutane/o=skin -ous= pertaining to The fatty layer of tissue located beneath the dermis.
Subungual hematoma Sub=beneath,under,below Ungu/o= nail Hemat/o=blood -oma=tumor A collection of blood beneath a nail bed, usually the result of trauma.
Sudoriferous gland A sweat gland
Sweat The clear, watery fluid produced by the sweat glands; also known as perspiration.
Sweat gland One of the tiny structures within the dermis that produces sweat
Telangiectasia The permanent dilation of groups of superficial capillaries and venules.
Ulcer A circumscribed, open sore or lesion of the skin that is accompanied by inflammation.
Urticaria A reaction of the skin in which there is an appearance of smooth, slightly elevated patches(wheals) that are redder or paler than the surrounding skin and often accompanied by severe itching.
Vesicle A small thin-walled skin lesion containing clear fluid.
Vitiligo A skin disorder characterized by nonpigmented white patches of skin of varying sizes that are surrounded by skin with normal pigmentation.
Wheal A circumscribed, slightly elevated skin lesion of the skin that is paler in the center than it's surrounding edges.(hives)
Whitehead A closed comedo caused by accumulation of keratin and sebum within the opening of a hair follicle
Xanthoderma Xanth/o= yellow Derm/o= skin -a= noun ending Any yellow coloration of the skin.
Xeroderma Xer/o=dry Derm/o=skin -a= noun ending A chronic skin condition characterized by roughness and dryness.
Bx,bx Biopsy
decub. Decubitus (ulcer);pressure sore
derm. Dermatology
DLE Discoid lupus erythematosus
EAHF Eczema,asthma,and hay fever
FANA Fluorescent antinuclear antibody
FS Frozen section
ID Intradermal
I&D Incision and drainage
LE (Sytemic) lupus erythematosus
PPD Purified protein derivative
PSS Progressive systemic scleroderma
SLE Systemic lupus erythematosus
subq. Subcutaneous
TENS Transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation
ung. Ointment
UV Ultra violet (light)
XP,XDP Xeroderma pigmentosum
Created by: mrsdendy29