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Medical Vocab

Abbreviations ROP LVN

Abandonment of care wrongful cessation of the provision of care to a patient
Civil law Laws concerned with relationships among people and the protection of a person's rights
Common law Term given to unwritten law, customs with authority of law, or precedents established by judges and juries in past cases
Crime An act that is forbidden or the omission of A duty that is commanded by a public law and that makes the offender liable to punishment by that law
criminal law las that defines legal obligations between the individual citizen and the state; distinguished from civil law, which defines legal relationships between private individuals
Deposition Testimony taken under oath
Felony Term used for serious crimes, ones for which the penalty is imprisonment in the state prison for more than one year
Good Samaritan Law Legal stipulation for protection of those who give first aid in an emergency situation
Informed consent A person's agreement to allow something to happen based on a full disclosure of facts needed to make an intelligent decision
Litigation A lawsuit
Misdemeanor A crime that is less serious than a felony, and punishable by imprisonment in the county jail for a term of less than one year
Privileged communication Personal or private information given by a patient to medical personnel
Standards of care Acts permitted to be performed or prohibited from being performed by a prudent person working within the parameters of his/her training, license, and experience and the conditions existing at the time. The nurse's duty to a patient with whom there is an e
® rectal
AIDS Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome
aka also known as
AKA Above the knee amputation
ALOC Altered Level of Consciousness
ATB/ABX antibiotics
ax axillary
B.E. barium enema
BKA Below the knee amputation
Bld Blood
BMR basal metabolic rate/ bowel sounds
BR bed rest
BS Blood sugar/ bowel sounds
C&S culture & sensitivity
CF Cystic Fibrosis
CNA certified nurses assistant
cont continuously
COPD Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
CP cerebral Palsy
CPR Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation
CS central supply
CVA Cerebral Vascular Accident
CXR Chest X-ray
DM Diabetes Mellitus
DOU Definitive Observation Unit
DRG diagnosis related group
DSD dry sterile dressing
drsg, dsg dressing
ED emergency department
EEG electroencephalogram
EENT eye, ear, nose & throat
EKG/ECG electrocardiogram
EMT emergency medical technician
ER emergency room
ETOH Alcohol
F/C Foley Catheter
FBS fasting blood sugar
FF force fluids
FUO fever unknown origin
GB gallbladder
gm gram
GU genitourinary
gyn gynecology
h,hr,º hour
hi-cal high calorie
HOB head of bed
HTN hypertension
hx history
ICU intensive care unit
IDDM Insulin Dependent Diabetes Mellitus
ie for example
IM intramuscular
Kg kilogram
KUB kidney, ureter, bladder
L litter
L&D labor and delivery
L/P or LP lumbar puncture
lb, # pound
LLQ left lower quadrant
Lt left
LUQ left upper quadrant
LVN Licensed Vocational Nurse
mcg microgram
MD medical doctor
MI Myocardial Infarction
MRI magnetic resonance image
MS multiple sclerosis
nc nasal cannula
NIDDM Non-Insulin Dependent Diabetes Mellitus
NKA no known allergies
noc night
NS normal saline
N/V, N&V nausea and vomiting
O2 oxygen
OB obstetrics
OP outpatient
OR operating room
OT occupational therapy
oz ounce
p after
peri perineum/perineal
PT physical therapy
qs quantity sufficient
R/T related to
RBC red blood cells
RLQ right lower quadrant
ROM range of motion
rt (R) right
RUQ right upper quadrant
Rx prescription, take
shwr shower
SNC skilled nursing center
SNF skilled nursing facility
sp. gr. specific gravity
SSE soap suds enema
supp suppository
surg/sg surgery
TCU transitional care unit
temp temperature
TWE tap water enema
TX traction
Tx treatment
UA urinalysis
UTI urinary tract infection
vag vaginal
w/c wheelchair
WBC white blood cells
Created by: CesarP