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WGU-Visual Arts 1

WGU-Purpose of Art & Art History

Aesthetics Philosophy of art; study of creative process, work of art, aesthetic experience, principles of criticism, & role of art in society
Artistic Form Organization of a medium that clarifies or reveals a subject matter
Content Subject matter detached by means of artistic form from accidental or insignificant aspects
Perception Awareness of something stimulating our sense organs
Propaganda Political persuasion
Style Identifying features (characteristics of form)
Paleolithic (Old Stone Age) Decorated objects, Venus figurines,& cave paintings focused on hunting & fertility
Mesolithic (Middle Stone Age) Rock & cave paintings of human figures, creation of stone microliths, & pottery
Neolithic (Late Stone Age) Weaving, architecture, megaliths, temple buildings, tombs, & pictographs
Babylonian Art Artwork from civilizations found between Tigris & Euphrates rivers. Architecture found in Mesopotamia
Egyptian Art Art with religious focus, depictions of gods & goddesses, & afterlife, sculptures, tombs, monuments/pyramids, & paintings
Persian Art Architecture, painting, weaving, pottery, works of stone & metal
Ancient Greece Art best known for elevation of human: ceramics, architecture, sculpture, coin design, & pottery
Rome Architecture, development of concrete as construction material, introduction of landscape to painting
Romanesque Art Architecture, sculpture, fresco painting, metalwork, & manuscript illumination (performed by monks)
Gothic Art Dominated by christian religious themes. Architecture: pointed arches, ribbed vaults, & flying buttresses
Renaissance Art Innovations: Oil painting, linear perspective in painting & sculpture, aerial perspective in landscapes, Mannerism
Renaissance Artists Leonardo da Vinci, Michaelangelo, Raphael Sanzo, Sandro Boticelli, Albrecht Durer, Pieter Bruegel
Baroque Emphasis on harmony & unity complemented by a religious fervor, often drawing on biblical stories & themes, Rococo
Baroque Artists Caravaggio (Michelangelo Merisi), Rembrandt van Rijn, Diego Velazquez
Neoclassicism Idealized realism, & reason, drew on enlightenment thinking. Painters used sharp colors & chiaroscuro
Neoclassicism Artist Jacques Louis David
Romanticism Romantic artists stressing passion, emotion, & exotic settings with dramatic action
Romanticism Artist Eugene Delacroix
Realism Accurate & objective portrayals of the ordinary, observable world
Realism Artists Gustave Courbet, Jean-Francois Millet
Impressionism Initial, fleeting reaction to what is observed at the moment. Painted subjects & landscapes; used light, color, & simplified compositions
Impressionism Artists Claude Monet, Edouard Manet, Camille Pissaro, Edgar Degas, & Pierre Auguste Renoir
Post-Impressionism Greater concern for expression, structure, & form; also emphasized emotions & personal responses
Post-Impressionism Artists Paul Cezanne, Vincent van Gogh, Georges Seurat, Henri Matisse, & Paul Gauguin
Art Nouveau International style of art & architecture favored sinuous lines, curves, & organic motifs (plants & flowers)
Fauvism Spontaneous, bold reactions to nature, employed vibrant colors directly from the tube
Fauvism Artists Henri Matisse & Andre Derain
Cubism Subject represented from multiple angles using simplified geometric forms
Cubism Artist Pablo Picasso
Geometric Abstraction Observed subjects converted into geometric shapes, stressing the two-dimenionality of painting
Geometric Abstraction Artists Wassily Kandinsky, Piet Mondrian, & Kasimir Malevich
Surrealism Influenced by Freud's focus on dreams. Used images from dreams & subconscious to transform ordinary subjects by placing them in distorted or fresh contexts
Surrealism Artists Andre Breton, Salvador Dali, Joan Miro, & Rene Magritte
Bauhaus "House of Art/Architecture" known for its simplicity functionalism & craftsmanship
Abstract Expressionism Spontaneous personal expression in large abstract paintings
Abstract Expressionism Artists Mark Rothko, Jackson Pollock, & Robert Motherwell
Minimalism Nonrepresentational style of sculpture & painting stripped down to its simplest visual elements (geometric shapes)
Minimalism Artists Frank Stella & Donald Judd
Pop Art Drew from popular mass culture
Pop Art Artists Jasper Johns, Andy Warhol, & Claes Oldenburg
Objective Assumed to be free from personal considerations, emotional perspectives, etc.
Subjective Assumed to be heavily, if not entirely, influenced by such personal considerations
Art Therapy Acts as healing agent for society's general illnesses
Expressionism School of art in which the work emphasizes the artist's feelings or state of mind
The Reformation Abrupt end to relative unity of Western Christendom under the Roman Catholic Church because the growing sense of corruption and administrative abuse; images became effective tools for disseminating negative portrayals of the church
Dadaism Art objects in unconventional forms produced by unconventional methods; reflected a cynical attitude toward social values, irrational, absurd, playful, emotive, intuitive, and often cryptic
Dadaism Artists Francis Picabia, Jean Arp, Raoul Hausmann, Marcel Duchamp, Kurt Schwitters, Sophie Taeuber-Arp, Man Ray
Created by: lpedro