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Biopsy

Brain Structures

QuestionAnswer
Hindbrain Includes theMyelencenphalonand Mentencephalon
Midbrain Mesencephalon with the "roof" and "floor"-the Tectum (roof) and Tegmentum (floor)
Forebrain Includes the Diencephalon (Epithalamus)(Thalamus) Hypothalamus and Pituitary gland. Then the Telencephalon which is the (limbic system) (Basal Ganglia) and (Cerebral cortex
Myelencephalon includes Medulla Oblongata
Metencencephalon includes the cerebellu,pons, and raphe system
Mesencephalon includes the Tectum and Tegmentum
Diencephalon Includes the epithalamus,thalamus,hypothalamus, and pituitary gland
Telencephalon includes the limbic system,basal ganglia, and cerebral cortex
Medulla oblongata Controls vital functions:relays sensory information to thalamus
cerebellum coordinates complex motor movements
pons relay sensory information to cerebellum and thalamus
raphe system controls sleep wake cycle
inferior colliculi relay auditory information, aiditory localization
superor colliculli mediate visual reflexes, visual localization, gross pattern discrimination
red nucleus controals basic body and limb movements
reticular formation controls arousal and consciousness
substania nigra integrates voluntary movements
habenula functions in olfaction
pineal gland coordinate seasonal rhythms
lateral geniculate nucleus relays visual information to cerebral cortex
medial geniculate nucleus relays auditory information to cerebral cortex
ventrolateral nucleus relays information from cerebellum to motor cortex
hypothalamus detects need states;controls pituitary hormone production and release
pituitary gland controls other glands (anterior lobe);releases oxytocin and vasopressin (posterior lobe)
Amygdala controls anger and fear
cingulate gyrus Elicits positive and negative emotional responses
hippocampus participates in memory storage and retrieval
caudate nucleus-putamen-globus pallidus corpus striatum
occipital lobes vision
parietal controls skin senses,spatial functions
temporal audition,language in the left hemisphere, VISUAL FUNCTIONS
frontal control mother functions,planning,speech in left hemisphere
Created by: forkbox on 2009-01-29



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