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Med Term Ch4

term word parts muscular system

bi- twice, double, two
-cele hernia, tumor, swelling
dys- bad, difficult, or painful
fasci/o fascia, fibrous band
fibr/o fibrous tissue, fiber
-ia abnormal condition, disease
-ium plural form of abnormal condition, disease
-ic pertaining to
kines/o, kinesi/o movement
my/o muscle
-plegia paralysis, stroke
-rrhexis rupture
tax/o coordination, order
ten/o, tend/o, tendin/o tendon, stretch out, extend, strain
ton/o tone, stretching, tension
tri- three
abduction the movement of a limb away from the midline of the body
adduction the movement of a limb toward the midline of the body
adhesion band of fibrous tissue that holds structures together abnormally
ataxia lack of muscle coordination during voluntary movement
atonic lacking normal muscle tone or strength
atrophy weakness or wearing away of body tissues and structures
bradykinesia extreme slowness in movement
carpal tunnel syndrome the tendons that pass through the carpal tunnel are chronically overused and become inflamed and swollen
chronic fatigue syndrome disorder of unknown cause that affects many body systems
circumduction the circular movement at the far end of a limb
contracture the permanent tightening of fascia, muscles, tendons, ligaments, or skin that occurs when normally elastic connective tissues are replaced with non elastic fibrous tissues
dorsiflexion the movement that bends the foot upward at the ankle
dyskinesia distortion or impairment of voluntary movement such as a tic or spasm
dystonia condition of abnormal muscle tone that causes the impairment of voluntary muscle movement
electromyography diagnostic test that measures the electrical activity within muscle fibers in response o nerve stimulation
epicondylitis inflammation of the tissues surrounding the elbow
ergonomics study of human factors that affect the design and operation of tools and the work environment
exercise physiologist a specialist who works under the supervision of a a physician to develop, implement, and coordinate exercise programs, and administer medical tests to promote physical fitness
fasciitis inflammation of fascia
fibromyalgia debilitating chronic condition characterized by fatigue, diffuse or specific muscle, joint, or bone pain
ganglion cyst harmless fluidfilled swelling that occurs most commonly on the outer surface of the wrist
heel spur calcium deposit in the plantar fascia near its attachment to the calcaneus
hemiparesis slight paralysis or weakness affecting one side of the body
hemiplegia total paralysis affecting only one side of the body
hernia protrusion of a part of a structure through the tissues normally containing it
hyperkinesia hyperactivity, abnormally increased muscle function or activity
hypotonia condition in which there is diminished tone of the skeletal muscles
impingement syndrome inflamed and swollen tendons are caught in the narrow space between the bones within the shoulder joint
insertion where the muscle ends by attaching to a bone or tendon
intermittent claudication pain in the leg muscles that occurs during exercise and is relieved by rest
muscular dystrophy describes a group of genetic diseases that are characterized by progressive weakness and degeneration of the skeletal muscles without affecting the nervous system
myasthenia gravis chronic autoimmune disease that affects the neuromuscular junction and produces serious weakness of voluntary muscles
myocele herniation of muscle substance through a tear in the fascia surrounding it
myoclonus the sudden involuntary jerking of a muscle or group of muscles
myofascial release specialized soft-tissue manipulation technique used to ease the pain of conditions
myolysis degeneration of muscle tissue
myoparesis weakness or slight muscular paralysis
myorrhaphy surgical suturing a muscle
neuromuscular pertaining to the relationship between a nerve and muscle
nocturnal myoclonus jerking of the limbs that can occur normally as a person is falling asleep
oblique slanted or at an angle
paralysis the loss of sensation and voluntary muscle movements in a muscle through disease or injury to its nerve supply
paraplegia paralysis of both legs and the lower part of the body
physiatrist a physician who specializes in physical medicine and rehabilitation with the focus on restoring function
plantar fasciitis inflammation of the plantar fascia on the sole of the foot
polymyositis muscle disease characterized by the simultaneous inflammation and weakening of voluntary muscles in many parts of the body
pronation act of rotating the arm or leg so that the palm is turned downward or backwards
quadriplegia paralysis of all four extremities
range of motion of testing diagnostic procedure to evaluate joint mobility and muscle strength
sarcopenia the loss of muscle mass, strength, and function that come with aging
shin splint a painful condition caused by the tibialis anterior muscle tearing away from the tibia
singultus hiccups, myoclonus of the diaphram
spasmodic torticollis wryneck, stiff neck due to spasmodic contraction of the neck muscles that pull the head toward the affected side
sphincter ring-like muscle that tightly constricts the opening of a passageway
sprain an injury to a joint involving a ligament
tenodesis surgical suturing of the end of a tendon to a bone
tenosynovitis inflammation of the sheath surrounding a tendon
tenolysis the release of a tendon from adhesions
tenorrhaphy surgical suturing together of the divided ends of a tendon
transverse crosswise direction
Created by: Ms Edwards