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Chapter 2-LA 2016

The spreading of one’s own culture cultural diffusion
A group’s way of life and its own view of itself and other groups; elements include religion, music, food, clothing, language, architecture, art, literature, games, and sports culture
A kind of improvised music with strong rhythms and syncopation (accents in unexpected places); New Orleans is the birthplace of it jazz
A music style based on black folk music, especially on the chants of the plantation workers blues
A Cajun dance; French for “go to sleep” fais-do-do
The music of French-speaking African Americans of South Louisiana; the song is sung in French and musical accompaniment includes accordion and the rub board zydeco
Church music that blends elements if folk music, spirituals, hymns, and popular music gospel music
The sacred folk songs of African Americans spirituals
A traditional Louisiana dish; a hearty Creole soup made of seafood, chicken, okra, and other vegetables gumbo
A basic Spanish Cajun dish made with rice and some other ingredients such as ham, shrimp, sausage, or chicken jambalaya
“Fat Tuesday”, the day before Ash Wednesday; the period before Lent celebrated with parties, balls, street dances, and parades Mardi Gras
An area defined by similar features, which usually include common climate, landforms, and economic or recreational opportunities region
The hill country of North Louisiana plus the neighboring states of Mississippi, Alabama, and Georgia upland South
Of or like the city urban
Country rural
A group of people who share common traditions, beliefs, and patterns of living that include language, religion, customs, and food ethnic group
Those of African heritage who were free during the years of slavery free people of color
The Louisiana culture that developed along the Mississippi, Red, and Ouachita Rivers where plantations were established lowland South
French Canadians or descendants of French Canadians who migrated to Louisiana from Acadia (now Nova Scotia) in the eighteenth century Acadians
Those African French people who were born in the Louisiana colony instead of in Europe or Africa Creoles
Those with an English-speaking heritage Anglos
Canary Islanders or those descended from Canary Islanders who were brought to Louisiana when it was a Spanish colony Isleños
What was the first European religion in Louisiana? Roman Catholic
What term describes a person who studies human cultures? anthropologist
What type of food is most identified with Louisiana? Cajun
What did the earliest festivals celebrate? harvests
What religious season is preceded by Mardi Gras? Lent
What ethnic group is included in the Anglo culture? Scots-Irish
What is one of the primary Native American tribes that remains in Louisiana today? Houma tribe
What cultural group first used crawfish as food? Cajun
What cultural group is associated with OktoberFest? German
Which of the following is most similar to Cajun music? zydeco
Which of the following is a religious ceremony held at the Shrimp Festival? Blessing of the Fleet
Which of these does not form a water boundary for Louisiana? Red River
Which of the following instruments is most likely to be played by a zydeco band? rub board
Where are you most likely to find a “second line”? jazz funeral
What attracted the Acadians to Louisiana? French culture
Which city is home to the Crawfish Festival? Breaux Bridge
Which city is home to the Festival of Lights? Natchitoches
Which city is home to the Strawberry Festival? Ponchatoula
Know where all main cities and cultural regions are located.
Created by: Colleen Frazier