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Strictly Strings 3

Glossary from Strictly Strings book 3

Accent Play these notes stronger than the others
Accidental A symbol which changes the key signature for one measure
Alla breve A tempo indication meaning cut time
Allegretto A little slower than allegro
Allegro Fast tempo
Andante Moderately slow tempo
Andantino A little slower than andante
Arco Play with the bow. Usually found after a pizzicato section in the music
Baroque style A way of playing music written around 1600-1750. Uses staccato bowing
Cantabile Play in a singing style
Chromatic Moving in half steps
Classical style A way of playing music written around 1750-1825. Uses spiccato bowing
Common time (C)Same as 4/4 time
Crescendo Gradually get louder
Cut time Same as alla breve.
D.C. al Coda (Da Capo al Coda) Go back to the beginning, play to the symbol then skip to the coda
D.C. al fine Go back to the beginning and play to fine without taking any repeats
Decrescendo Gradually get softer
Divisi Play only one of the notes
Dolce Play sweetly
Fermata Hold the note longer than normal
Fine The end
Flat Lowers a note one half-step
Forte (F) Play loudly
Fortissimo (FF) Play very loudly
Fortississmo (FFF) Play as loud as possible
Half-step The smallest distance between notes
Harmonic A note that is produced by lightly touching the string with a left hand finger while bowing
Hooked bowing Slurred staccato bowing on notes with uneven rhythm.
Interval The distance between notes
Key signature Tells you which notes to play sharp and flat
Largo Play very slowly
Legato Play smoothly
Lento Play slowly
Left sign Start with new bow
Luft-pause A short pause
Maestoso Play majestically
Major scale A series of eight notes in a row that follow this same pattern of whole and half steps: [1][2]3V4[5][6][7]V8
Marcato A style of playing where all notes are strongly accented.
Martele A kind of bowing where the notes are strongly accented
Melodic interval The distance from one note to the next in a melody
Minor scale (Harmonic Form) A series of eight notes in a row that follows this pattern of whole and half steps: [1]2V3[3][4]5V6[1 ½]7V8
Moderato A moderate tempo
Natural sign Changes a note back to natural
Non Divisi Do not divide
One finger scale A scale played on one string with the 1st finger. Each note is a new position
Pesante Heavy
Piano (p) Play softly
Pianissimo (pp) Play very softly
Pianississmo (ppp) Play as soft as possible
Pizzicato Pluck the string. + = Left hand pizzicato
Portato Two or more notes smoothly connected in the same direction
Repeat sign Play again
Scale A series of eight notes moving step-wise that follows the letters of the music alphabet
Sfzordando(sFz) A sudden, strong accent
Sharp Raises the note one half-step
Shift sign (--) Move your whole hand toward or away from the bridge
Simile Continue in the same way
Slur A curved line connecting notes of different pitches
Slurred staccato bowing Two of more notes played in the same bow direction with a stop in between notes
Sostenuto Play with sustained, smooth style
Spiccato bowing A bowing that begins and ends off the string using a brushing motion
Staccato bowing Play notes shorter by stopping the bow between each note
Staggered bowing (V) (n) Change bow direction at a different time than others
Syncopation Playing notes in between the beats
Tenuto (-) Hold the note full value. Indicated by a dash above or below the note.
Tie A curved line connecting notes of the same pitch
Time signature Two numbers at the beginning of a line of music. The top number indicates how many beats per measure. The bottom number indicates which note value gets one beat
Tremolo Rapid alternating up and down bow strokes
Vivace Lively tempo
Whole step Two consecutive half-steps
Created by: JRae