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Chapter 5-LA

A scientists who studies the items left behind by ancient peoples to determine how they lived Archaeologists
a garbage mound left by prehistoric people Midden
a wanderer Nomad
a throwing stick with weights used by prehistoric people to throw spears with more force and for farther distances Atlatl
a raised area created by prehistoric peoples and thought to be used for religious ceremonial and burial purposes Mound
An handmade objects; those made by ancient people can be used to determine how they lived (examples: tools, pottery, cooking stones, jewelry, etc…) Artifacts
farming Agriculture
A mound built by prehistoric Indians and used for religious ceremonies Temple mound
natural resistance to disease Immunity
a group of people who share a common ancestry, language, name and way of living Tribe
a formal agreement between two or more nations. Treaty
a tribal symbol; an animal, plant, or natural object serving as a symbol of a clan or family. Totem
a group of people who believe themselves related by blood Clan
a dugout made by Native Americans and the French; cypress logs were partially burned and the burned section was scraped out. Pirogue
a peace pipe; smoked during a formal ceremony calumet
According to the timeline on pg. 143, how many years of time are covered on the timeline? 12,000
According to the timeline on pg. 143, what was the earliest Indian period? Paleo
According to the timeline on pg. 143, in what Indian period did the Bronze Age begin? Meso
According to the timeline on pg. 143, during what Indian period did the Iron Age begin? early Neo
Which statement BEST explains the information on the map on page 144? There is less land in the world today.
According to the map on pg. 144, how far south did the people who came to North America via the Bering land bridge move? Mexico
Which disease was NOT brought to the Americas by European explorers? typhoid
According to the map on pg. 153, where did de Soto begin his expedition in North America? Tampa, FL
According to the map on pg. 153, where did de Soto encounter the Mississippi River for the first time? Memphis, TN
According to the map on pg. 153, where did de Soto’s men go after his death? Texas
According to the map on pg. 153, the voyage of Hernando de Soto covered a large area. What is the correct chronological order for the places de Soto visited on his travels? FL, SC, AL, MS
What was the primary food of the Indians in Louisiana? corn
Which group was called “stinkards” by the Natchez? commoners
Where is the present home of the Caddo people? Oklahoma
“Pinole” is Spanish for dried corn
Describe Poverty Point. A series of 6 main mounds and ridges, and a main mound. Used for trade network.
______________is used to tell the age of objects. radiocarbon dating
What word describes people and/or a time period where there was no written record? prehistoric
How did the first people get to North America? Bering Strait
Why did they begin to build permanent homes? agriculture
What is the name of the house made of mud and sticks? wattle and daub
What is the correct order of the Indian Periods in order, starting with the oldest? Paleo, Meso, early Neo & late Neo
What were the hairy, elephant-like creatures that were hunted during the Paleo age, but became extinct due to climate changes? mastodons
Which tribe were name the “eaters of flesh” because of their belief in cannibalism? Atakapa
Which tribe used tattoos to show your status? Natchez
Iberville named this city because he saw a “red stick” or Istrouma in the Mississippi River? Baton Rouge
Which tribe fought with Andrew Jackson at the Battle of New Orleans? Choctaw
Which tribe used a crawfish as their totem symbol? Houma
Which 2 tribes have casinos in Louisiana? Coushatta & Tunica-Biloxi
How would most tribes seal an argument to avoid or end a war? smoking a peace pipe
Why did the Natives have a small door on the east side of their home? good luck
What is chunky? ball game
What was their purpose for religious activities? peace and balance
Who handled all tribal matters and day to day activities? peace chief
What was the name of the forced march, under control of the US Army, that pushed the Native Americans to Oklahoma? Trail of Tears
Created by: Colleen Frazier