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Untit 1 Vocabulary

Chapters 1,2,3

sunbelt a group of southern states that stretches from the east coast all the way to California
regions areas that are similar in term of landscape, climate, elevation, & plant and animal life
coastal plain the southernmost region in Georgia
fall line the elevation of hills from lower to higher
piedmont hilly plateau that stretches north from the fall line to the base of the Blue Ridge Mountains
appalachian mountains a bigger mountain range that stretches northward from central Alabama to Canada
blue ridge mountains two mountain ranges that make up most of this region
valley & ridge west of the Blue Ridge Mountains
Appalachian Plateau Georgias smallest geographic region located in the north west corner of the state
Archaeologist scientist who studied the past based on what the anciient people left
artifacts old objects that were made, modified, or used by humans
prehistoric periods before written history
culture the common values and traditions of a society, such as language, government, and family relationships
paleo Indians the first people to live in Georgia area
Archaic period the period that happened at the end of the last ice age
Woodland period the period when many cultures advances were made
agriculture farming
Renaissance 1300s- 1600 this was a time of increased interest in art
Mercantilism the government controls trade and attempts to transfer wealth from the colonies to the parent county
monopoly complete control on goods and services
conquistadors soldiers who followed columbus to the americas
Joint Stock company a shared stock among people
Gulf stream a powerful ocean current that flows from the Gulf of Mexico north along eastern coast of North America before turning east toward Europe
Charter a written contract issued by government, giving the holder a right to establish a colony
Anthropologist One who studies Anthropology
Antiquities an object or thing from other periods
Horticulture The practice of farming
Clovis Points Arrow head
Mounds Homes that the Woodland indians lived in
Palisade fence or wall made of wood
Wooly Mammoth a species of mammoths- the last mammoth
Barter Economy a cashless economy involved trading
Maize Corn
Bow and arrow weapon used for hunting or defense
Projectile Points spear, dart, arrow head
Colonization large scale of migration and settlement occurs
Spanish MIssions Christian missions lead by the spanish
Barrier islandrs a long narrow off shore deposits of sand that forms islands
Influence to impact something
Smallpox an infectious disease that left scars
Catholicism Catholic religion
New World a name for the western hemisphere
Shale a type of sedimentary rock
Tribe a group of indians put by the culture
Clan a group of close knit family
Nomads a group of wanderers that travel and beg for food and housing
Effigy a sculpture or model of a person
Atlatl a tool used for leverage
Chiefdom hierarchical political organization
Beringa a loosely defined region
MIddens a domestic place for waste ( dump)
Moat a deep wide ditch
Podium a post for someone to stand on
Mastodon a large extinct mammal
Pottery a object handmade out of clay
Oral tradition information passed down through words
Wattle and daub a composite building
Mound builders People who built mounds
New world Western Hemisphere
Expeditions a journey or voyage
Guale- sea Islands historic native american chiefdom
Fur trade The fur trade is a worldwide industry dealing in the acquisition and sale of animal fur.
Monarchy A monarchy is a form of government in which sovereignty is actually or nominally embodied in one or several individual(s) reigning until death or abdication. They are called the monarchs.
protestant a member or follower of any of the Western Christian churches that are separate from the Roman Catholic Church and follow the principles of the Reformation, including the Baptist, Presbyterian, and Lutheran churches.
Relative location Relative location is the location of something in comparison to the location of something else
Absolute location Absolute location. An absolute location is designated using a specific pairing of latitude and longitude in a Cartesian coordinate grid
Hemisphere a half of the earth, usually as divided into northern and southern halves by the equator, or into western and eastern halves by an imaginary line passing through the poles.
Equator an imaginary line that divides the earth in two
Parallel parallel lines are lines in a plane which do not meet
Prime meridians A prime meridian is a meridian (a line of longitude) in a geographical coordinate system at which longitude is defined to be 0°
Meridians A meridian is any great circle line on the Earth's surface, passing through the North Pole and the South Pole
Latitude the angular distance north or south from the equator of a point on the earth's surface, measured on the meridian of the point.
Longitude angular distance east or west on the earth's surface, measured by the angle contained between the meridian of a particular place and some prime meridian,
Compass Rose a circle showing the principal directions printed on a map or chart
Scale Map scale refers to the relationship (or ratio) between distance on a map and the corresponding distance on the ground
Goods a good is a material that satisfies human wants and provides utility, for example, to a consumer making a purchase.
services a service is an intangible commodity. That is, services are an example of intangible economic goods
Imports ' A good or service brought into one country from another.
Exports A function of international trade whereby goods produced in one country are shipped to another country for future sale or trade
Climate the weather conditions prevailing in an area in general or over a long period
Weather the state of the atmosphere at a place and time as regards heat, dryness, sunshine, wind, rain, etc
Mississippian Period The Mississippian culture was a mound-building Native American civilization that flourished in what is now the Midwestern, Eastern, and Southeastern United States from approximately 800 to 1600, varying regionally.
Sherds a fragment of pottery
Created by: 63alyvas