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IOC4 Module 3

Key terms from IOC4 Module 3

1510-1544 First European to explore the Southwest. He search for Cibola (The City of Gold) Coronado
1485-1547 Overthrew the Aztec empires and claimed Mexico for Spain in 1521 Hernan Cortes
1500-1542 First Spanish explorer to sail the Atlantic and the first European to explore Florida and southeastern US Hernando de Soto
1497 - First English sponsored explorer and earliest to lay claim to North America John Cabot
1545-1596 Mayor of Plymouth, led the second circumnavigation trip from 1577-1580. Sir Francis Drake
1580-1631 Founder and Leader of Jamestown Virginia. Life was saved by Pocahontas. John Smith
1565-1611 Explored Arctic ocean and parts of North America. 1609-Was hired by Dutch East India co. to find the NW passage. Henry Hudson
1554-1618 First English settlement attempt in 1585 at Roanoke Island. Sir Walter Raleigh
1491-1557 French explorer who led three expeditions to Canada 1534, 1535, 1541 looking for the NW Passage. Jacques Cartier
1567-1635 French explorer who mapped much of NE North America and started settlement in Quebec. Samuel de Champlain
1643-1687 First European to travel the entire Mississippi River (1682). Named Mississippi basin "Louisiana" after Louis XIV Sieur de La Salle
1451-1506 First European to sail across the Atlantic. He made for trips sailing for Ferdinand II and Isabella of Spain Christopher Columbus (sailing for Spain)
1454-1512 First person to realize that the Americas were separate from Asia. Amerigo Vespucci (sailing for Portugal)
1485-1528 Explored NE America looking for NW passage in 1524. Eaten by Caribbean Indians in 1528. Giovanni Da Verrazano: Sailed for France
Exchange of plans, animals, foods, humans, ideas and diseases between E&W hemispheres. Brought great destruction upon N&S indigenous populations. Columbian Exchange
Indigenous populations existing in the Americas prior to Spanish and English explorers Pre-colonial Civilizations
Empire flourished from around 1200 to the 1530s. Peru, Bolivia, Ecuador, and Chile. Cities such as Cuzco, the capital, consisted of stone houses and religious buildings Inca
modern nation of Mexico. Dominated central Mexico as far south as Guatemala from around 1200 to 1525. capital, Tenochtitlán Aztec
tribe of Native Americans who live in the Pacific Northwest region (Columbia River Plateau) of the United States. Nez Perce
North American Plains Indian tribe who lived on the Platte River, Nebraska, from before the 16th century to the latter part of the 19th century. Pawnee
The confederation of tribes known in history, among other names, by that of the Five Nations, comprising the Cayuga, Mohawk, Oneida, Onondaga, and Seneca. Formed sometime around 1570 Iroquoi
ounded by Samuel de Champlain in 1608, area had been previously explored and visited by Cartier in 1541 Quebec
673 - Pere Jacques Marquette journeyed down the Mississippi, La Salle traveled the length in 1682 and named Louisiana Mississippi Valley
New Netherlands - Home to New Amsterdam and Fort Orange. Early Dutch colonies
First attempt atEnglish settlement in 1585 by Sir Walter Raleigh. Three unsuccessful attempts were made to inhabit the island. Roanoke
Found in 1607 - First permanent English settlement in North America. Success was based on exports (tobacco, wood) Jamestown
Joint-stock company founded in 1606 (originally London Company) sent John Smith and settlers Virginia Company
Early leader in Jamestown, saved by Pocahontas. Took control of Virginia and instituted order. John Smith
Native American who married John Rolfe, saved John Smith's live. Daughter of Wahunsunacock (Chief Powhatan) Pocahontas
1628 - James Winthrop, founded as a refuge for Puritans. Immigrants moved as nuclear families creating an even gender ratio and a more stable colony. The believed that they were serve as the "city on the hill" or a shining example for other colonies. Massachusetts Bay Colony
Colony founded by the Pilgrims when they landed in New England instead of Virginia as intended Plymouth
Member of a reformed Protestant sec in Europe and America that insisted on removing Catholic vestiges from all religious practice. Puritans
1620 - Agreement among the Pilgrims aboard the Mayflower to create a civil government at Plymouth Colony. Mayflower compact
Massive migration of entire families and founding of several colonies based on the awareness that the king was less likely to interfere in colonial business. Great Migration
1634 Founded to be a refuge for English Catholics. Lord Baltimore encouraged "liberty of conscience" and religious tolerance, wanted to base the formation upon the feudal system. Maryland
Original charter holders for the Maryland colony. George Calvert (Lord Baltimore) believed that it could be a haven for English Catholics. 1632 Charles I granted Celcius the charter on Chesapeake Bay. George and Celcius Calvert
Catholic churches that take lead and direction from the Pope in Rome. Roman Catholic Churches
Founded in 1663 as a commercial venture by Anthony Ashley Cooper. Carolina
Most of the wealth owners and traditions for plantation style development came from the Caribbean islands Caribbean connection
Process of awarding or purchasing land from the government. In the Carolinas it was not possible to possess land simply by squatting on the land. Land Grants
1681- William Penn founded the colony as a refuge for the Quakers. Primary export was grain. Pennsylvania
Found of Pennsylvania, believed in religious freedom and mixed in aristocracy with personal freedom. Wiliam Penn
Members of a radical religious group formally known as the "society of friends". They rejected formal theology and stressed each individuals "inner light" that was their guide to righteousness. Quakers
1664 - Sir George Carteret. Consolidation of New English territory and Quaker settlemen New Jersey
1773 - James Oglethorpe Established to discourage Spanish expansion and as a Charity. Georgia
British general and member of parliament who founded Georgia as an asylum, a garrison, and a fresh start for London debtors General Oglethorpe
System of awarding land based on adding additional dependants or men. In general 50 acres per head. Headright system
Individuals who contracted to serve a master for a set number of years in exchange for the cost of boat transport to America. Indentured servants were the primary form of labor in Chesapeake colonies before slavery. Indentured Servitude
the political unit of Spanish territories in North America and its dependencies in Asia-Pacific. The territory included the present-day Southwestern United States, Central America, the Caribbean, and the Philippines. New Spain
16th century Spanish adventurers who subdued the native Americans and created the Spanish Empire in the new world. Conquistadores
The overthrow of the Aztec and Incan empires by the Spanish forces. Spanish Conquest
Labor system designed by Spanish rulers to reward the conquistadors in the New World by granting them local villages and control over native labor. Encomienda System
Created by: AaronHamilton